Organization, function and expression of the chloroplast DNA ofChlamydomonas reinhardii View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1981-04

AUTHORS

J. D. Rochaix

ABSTRACT

Although the biosynthesis of chloroplasts depends to a large degree on the activity of the nucleocytoplasmic compartment, these organelles possess their own protein synthesizing system which includes DNA, RNA, DNA- and RNA polymerases, ribosomes and several additional factors. Among green organisms, the unicellular algaChlamydomonas reinhardii is particularly suited for the study of chloroplast DNA since it can be examined by both biochemical and genetic means. This DNA is polyploid and consists of 190 kb circular molecules. The genes of ribosomal RNA, tRNA and of several chloroplast polypeptides have been localized on the chloroplast genome. Several aspects of chloroplast DNA transcription have been studied. Unique features of the chloroplast ribosomal unit ofc. reinhardii include two genes coding for the small 3S and 7S ribosomal RNAs and the presence of an 870 bp intron within the 23S ribosomal RNA gene. Several structural properties of this intron are discussed and compared with those of other organellar and eukaryotic ribosomal RNA genes. It appears that chloroplast DNA shares common features with both prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNAs. More... »

PAGES

323-332

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

    ISSUE

    4

    VOLUME

    37

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01959844

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01959844

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036146933


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