Comparison of transforming growth factor β and a human tumour-derived suppressor factor View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1991-07

AUTHORS

Shaw S. Somers, Julian F. Dye, Pierre J. Guillou

ABSTRACT

Serum-free supernatants from the human melanoma cell line G361 contain a factor that can potently suppress the generation of tumouricidal lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells in response to interleukin-2. To characterise the suppressive factor of tumour origin we performed a number of physicochemical and functional comparisons with another immunosuppressive protein, transforming growth factor β (TGFβ). The bioactivity of tumour-derived suppressor factor (TDSF), assayed by suppression of LAK cell generation, was unaffected by a reducing agent but lost when denatured with a chaotropic agent. In contrast, TGFβ was inactivated by reduction but not denaturation. TDSF lost bioactivity in conditions of pH less than 4, whereas TGFβ showed no loss of activity. The TDSF moiety has an estimated pI of 4.3 and a molecular mass of 69–87 kDa. This differs from published values of pI 9.5, and 25 kDa molecular mass for TGFβ. Anti-TGFβ antiserum reversed the effects of TGFβ but did not affect the suppression of LAK cell generation caused by TDSF. These findings provide compelling evidence that the TDSF moiety is not TGFβ, and may be a novel immunoregulatory cytokine. More... »

PAGES

217-222

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01744940

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01744940

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026690623

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2059965


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