The four laws of black hole mechanics View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1973-06

AUTHORS

J. M. Bardeen, B. Carter, S. W. Hawking

ABSTRACT

Expressions are derived for the mass of a stationary axisymmetric solution of the Einstein equations containing a black hole surrounded by matter and for the difference in mass between two neighboring such solutions. Two of the quantities which appear in these expressions, namely the area A of the event horizon and the “surface gravity” κ of the black hole, have a close analogy with entropy and temperature respectively. This analogy suggests the formulation of four laws of black hole mechanics which correspond to and in some ways transcend the four laws of thermodynamics. More... »

PAGES

161-170

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1970-12. The conservation of matter in general relativity in COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
  • 1972-12. Energy and angular momentum flow into a black hole in COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
  • 1972-06. Black holes in general relativity in COMMUNICATIONS IN MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
  • 1970-04. Kerr Metric Black Holes in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01645742

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01645742

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038501185


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