Peculiar axonal debris with subsequent astrocytic response (foamy spheroid body) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-05

AUTHORS

Nobutaka Arai, Saburo Yagishita, Kazuaki Misugi, Masaya Oda, Kenji Kosaka, Toshio Mizutani, Yoshio Morimatsu

ABSTRACT

Foamy spheroid bodies (FSBs) are described, as newly identified pathological structures occurring in human brain. FSBs favoured the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNPR) and/or globus pallidus (GP) in degenerative conditions especially postencephalitic parkinsonism, progressive supranuclear palsy, pallido-nigro-luysial atrophy and multiple system atrophy. No FSBs were observed anywhere in the presence of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNPC) degeneration, such as occurs in idiopathic Parkinson's disease, or luysio-pallidal system degeneration, such as found in dentato-rubro-pallido-luysial atrophy or Joseph's disease. FSBs were also occasionally identified in the substantia nigra (SN) and/or GP of aged persons. In addition to SN and GP lesions, FSBs were seen in diffuse axonal lesions of long fibre tracts (the corpus callosum, the superior cerebellar peduncle) after non-missile head injuries, and in peri-infarct lesions. Under the light microscope, FSBs appear as slightly eosinophilic, foamy and nearly round objects with vague outlines, measuring approximately 10-50 microns in diameter. Some FSBs contain coarse, eosinophilic clusters at their periphery. FSB stained black when stained by the Gallyas silver method. Some FSBs were immunohistochemically positive for synaptophysin and 68 kDa neurofilament. Glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive fibres were observed alongside and/or inside some FSBs. Electron microscopically, FSBs were found to consist of collections of neuritic debris containing a variety of dense bodies and a small number of both mitochondria and neurofilaments. Some such collections were surrounded by astrocytic processes. These findings strongly suggest that FSBs are collections of small axonal debris destined for removal by astrocytes in due course. A variety of factors (degeneration of the SNPR and/or the GP, injury, infarction, ageing) seemed to be responsible for the histogenesis of FSBs. More... »

PAGES

243-252

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01600277

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01600277

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017189819

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1553816


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