Search for new heavy quarks at the CERN proton-antiproton collider View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1988-12

AUTHORS

UA1 Collaboration, C. Albajar, M. G. Albrow, O. C. Allkofer, A. Astbury, B. Aubert, T. Axon, C. Bacci, T. Bacon, N. Bains, J. R. Batley, G. Bauer, S. Beingessner, J. Bellinger, A. Bettini, A. Bezaguet, R. Bonino, K. Bos, J. P. deBrion, E. Buckley, G. Busetto, P. Catz, P. Cennini, S. Centro, F. Ceradini, D. G. Charlton, G. Ciapetti, S. Cittolin, D. Clarke, D. Cline, C. Cochet, J. Colas, P. Colas, M. Corden, J. A. Coughlan, G. Cox, D. Dau, M. DeBeer, M. DeGiorgi, M. Della Negra, M. Demoulin, B. Denby, D. Denegri, A. DiCiaccio, F. J. Diez Hedo, L. Dobrzynski, J. Dorenbosch, J. D. Dowell, E. Duchovni, R. Edgecock, K. Eggert, E. Eisenhandler, N. Ellis, P. Erhard, H. Faissner, I. F. Fensome, A. Ferrando, M. Fincke-Keeler, P. Flynn, G. Fontaine, J. Garvey, D. Gee, S. Geer, A. Geiser, C. Ghesquiere, P. Ghez, C. Ghighno, Y. Giraud-Heraud, A. Givernaud, A. Gonidec, H. Grassmann, G. Grayer, W. Haynes, S. J. Haywood, D. J. Holthuizen, A. Honma, M. Ikeda, W. Jank, M. Jimack, G. Jorat, P. I. P. Kalmus, V. Karimaki, R. Keeler, I. Kenyon, A. Kernan, A. Khan, W. Kienzle, R. Kunnunen, M. Krammer, J. Kroll, D. Kryn, F. Lacava, M. Landon, J. P. Laugier, J. P. Lees, R. Leuchs, S. Levegrün, S. Li, D. Linglin, E. Locci, K. Long, T. Markiewicz, C. Markou, M. Markytan, M. A. Marquina, G. Maurin, J. -P. Mendiburu, A. Meneguzzo, J. P. Merlo, T. Meyer, M. -N. Minard, M. Mohammadi, K. Morgan, M. Moricca, H. -G. Moser, B. Mours, Th. Muller, A. Nandi, L. Naumann, P. Nedelec, A. Nisati, A. Norton, F. Pauss, C. Perault, E. Petrolo, G. Piano Mortari, E. Pietarinen, C. Pigot, M. Pimiä, A. Placci, J. -P. Porte, M. Preischl, E. Radermacher, J. Ransdell, T. Redelberger, H. Reithler, J. -P. Revol, J. Richman, D. Robinson, T. Rodrigo, J. Rohlf, P. Rossi, C. Rubbia, W. Ruhm, G. Sajot, G. Salvini, J. Sass, D. Samyn, A. Savoy-Navarro, D. Schinzel, M. Schroder, A. Schwartz, W. Scott, C. Seez, T. P. Shah, I. Sheer, I. Siotis, D. Smith, R. Sobie, P. Sphicas, J. Strauss, J. Streets, C. Stubenrauch, D. Summers, K. Sumorok, F. Szoncso, C. Tao, A. Taurok, I. ten Have, S. Tether, G. Thompson, E. Tscheslog, J. Tuominiemi, A. van Dijk, J. P. Vialle, L. Villasenor, T. S. Virdee, H. von der Schmitt, W. von Schlippe, J. Vrana, V. Vuillemin, K. Wacker, G. Walzel, P. Watkins, A. Wildish, I. Wingerter, S. J. Wimpenny, X. Wu, C. -E. Wulz, T. Wyatt, M. Yvert, C. Zaccardelli, I. Zacharov, N. Zaganidis, L. Zanello, P. Zotto

ABSTRACT

We report on a search for new heavy quarks using data collected by the UA1 experiment during 1983, 1984 and 1985 at the CERN proton-antiproton collider, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 700 nb−1. Studying events with a muon or an isolated electron, accompanied by one or more jets, we find good agreement between our data and Monte Carlo predictions for the production of charm and beauty, without the need for a new quark. A top quark model, involving the decayW→t\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\bar b$$ \end{document} and directt\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\bar t$$ \end{document} production via the strong interaction, is used to determine our detection efficiency for top. This allows us to place an upper limit on the cross section for producing top quarks as a function of the top quark mass. Our analysis is not sensitive to theW→t\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\bar b$$ \end{document} process alone. By comparing our limit with a calculation of thet\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\bar t$$ \end{document} cross section, added to theW→t\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\bar b$$ \end{document} cross section derived from our own measurements ofW →lv, we are able to place a lower limit on the mass of the top quark. From the lowest order (αs2) calculation, using the choice of structure functions andQ2 scale that give the lowest cross section, we find:\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$m_{top} > 44GeV/c^2 \left( {95\% c.l.} \right).$$ \end{document} Including an estimate of the next higher order (αs2) and calculating the cross section with the EUROJET QCD Monte Carlo program using a less extreme choice for the structure functions andQ2 scale gives:\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$m_{top} > 56GeV/c^2 \left( {95\% c.l.} \right).$$ \end{document}A search has also been made for a fourth generation, charge 1/3 quark (b'). Assuming that theb' mass is smaller than that of the top quark and that it can-not be produced inW decays, the mass limits, using the above procedures, are respectivelymb'>32 GeV/c2 andmb'>44 GeV/c2, both at 95% confidence level. More... »

PAGES

505-525

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-09. W production properties at the CERN SPS Collider in LETTERE AL NUOVO CIMENTO (1971-1985)
  • 1982-06. Scaling violations and the gluon distribution of the nucleon in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK C PARTICLES AND FIELDS
  • Journal

    Author Affiliations

  • CERN, CH-1211, Genève 23, Switzerland
  • Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, OX11 OQX, Didcot, Oxon, UK
  • Inst für reine und Angewandte Kernphysik, CAU, Olshausenstr. 40-60, D-2300, Kiel, Germany
  • Department of Physics, University of Victoria, P.O. Boc 1700, V8W 2Y2, Victoria, B.C., Canada
  • L.A.P.P., Chemin de Bellevue, P.B. 909F-74019, Annecy Le Vieux, France
  • Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, SW7 2BZ, London, UK
  • Istituto di Fisica, Universita di Roma (INFN), Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, I-00185119, Roma, Italy
  • Department of Physics, University of Birmingham, P.O. Box 363, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
  • Department of Physics, Queen Mary College, Mile End Road, E1 4NS, London, UK
  • High Energy Physics Laboratory, Harvard University, 42 Oxford St., 02138, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, 1150 University Av., 53706, Madison, W1, USA
  • Departamento di Fisica, Universita di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35100, Padova, Italy
  • NIK HEF, Kruislaan 409, Postbus 418821009 DB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • C.E.N. Saclay, DPHPE/SECB, Gif-sur-Y vette, B.P. 2, F-91190, France
  • Junta de Energia Nuclear, Avd. Complutense 22, E-28040, Madrid 3, Spain
  • Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire, Collège de France, Place Marcellin Berthelot, F-75231, Paris Cedex 05, France
  • III Physik Institut A, RWTH, Physikzentrum, Arnold Sommerfeld St, D-5100, Aachen, Germany
  • Department of Physics, University of California, 92502, Riverside, CA, USA
  • Dept. of High Energy Physics (SEFL), Helsinki University, Siltavuorenpenger 20C, SF-00170, Helsinki 17, Finland
  • Institut für Hochenergiephysik, Österreichische Akademic der Wissenschaften, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050, Wien, Austria
  • Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institut of Technology, 77 Massachusetts av., 02139, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01549710

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01549710

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040492700


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