Energy loss of charged particles in matter View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1969-06

AUTHORS

Wolfgang Neuwirth, Ulrich Hauser, Ernst Kühn

ABSTRACT

A new method of determining the differential energy loss of charged excited nuclei in matter is described. The method is based on the velocity dependence of the Doppler shift of the gamma quanta emitted by moving nuclei. No theoretical assumptions concerning the velocity dependence of atomic or nuclear collisions are necessary. The method and mathematical analysis, described in detail, are applied to the energy loss of Li ions emitting gamma quanta of 477 keV in the kinetic energy range between 100 and 800 keV. It is found that the energy loss of Li ions is linearly proportional to the velocity within 2% for several substances ofZ=1 to 74. The small limits of error, which can be obtained, allow an application of this method to questions as e.g. theZ-dependence of the stopping power on the nuclear charge of the stopping material, chemical binding effects, the time dependence of the adjustment of the equilibrium charge of the projectile after nuclear reactions, or the determination of nuclear angular correlations. More... »

PAGES

241-264

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01394701

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01394701

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010457705


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