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Article Info

DATE

1966-04

AUTHORS

Wolfgang Felsch

ABSTRACT

Thin films of iron are condensed onto a substrate at 20 ‡K. After condensation and during annealing the electrical resistance is measured and Debye-Scherrer-diagramms are taken. The structure of the films depends on the evaporation rate and the vacuum conditions during condensation. In a good vacuum (10−6 Torr) and for a high evaporation rate (100 å/sec) the films grow crystalline. Greater residual gas pressures and a slow evaporation rate (5 å/sec) lead to amorphous films. The amorphous structure is supposed to be induced by residual oxygen.A method is described to produce amorphous films of iron also in a high vacuum by condensing simultaneously small additions of Fe-oxide, Fe-selenide, Fe-sulfide, Si or Ge on a substrate at 20 ‡K.During annealing the amorphous films change into the body-centered cubic structure of α-iron within a narrow range of temperature. Si is found to be the most effective substance to prevent crystallisation.Admixtures of Cu, Ag, Pb or SiO only lead to a state of high disorder, they do not prevent crystallisation of the Fe-films at any temperature of condensation. More... »

PAGES

201-214

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01328888

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01328888

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035529215


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