Instructed actions in, of and as molecular biology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1995-07

AUTHORS

Michael Lynch, Kathleen Jordan

ABSTRACT

A recurrent theme in ethnomethodological research is that of “instructed actions”. Contrary to the classic traditions in the social and cognitive sciences, which attribute logical priority or causal primacy to instructions, rules, and structures of action, ethnomethodologists investigate the situated production of actions which enable such formulations to stand as adequate accounts. Consequently, a recitation of formal structures can not count as an adequate sociological description, when no account is given of the local production ofwhat those structures describe. The natural sciences can be described as a domain of practical action in whichthe use of methods enables the intersubjective reproduction of naturalistic observations and experiments. As numerous sociological studies of laboratory practices have shown, the achievement of intersubjective order cannot be reduced to formal methods; instead, it arises from the work of custom-fitting relevant methods to the local circumstances of the research. In this paper we discuss a possible extension of this idea to cover two intertwined aspects of molecular biology: (1) the work of following instructions on how to perform routine laboratory procedures, and (2) the relationship between cellular orders and the encoded ‘instructions’ contained in the DNA molecule. We suggest that a “classic” conception of scientific action is implied by the way formal instructions are treated as a primary basis, both for molecular biologists' actions and the cellular functions they study, and we envision an ethnomethodological alternative to those conceptions of social and biological order. More... »

PAGES

227-244

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1983. Rethinking Cognitive Theory in NONE
  • 1989. Introduction in HARVEY SACKS LECTURES 1964–1965
  • 1986. The Sociology of an Actor-Network: The Case of the Electric Vehicle in MAPPING THE DYNAMICS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1986. Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology, Sociology of Science in the Real World in NONE
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Human Studies

    ISSUE

    2-3

    VOLUME

    18

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01323211

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01323211

    DIMENSIONS

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