The glucuronoxylans and the helicoidal shift in cellulose microfibrils in linden wood: Cytochemistryin muro and on isolated molecules View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1986-06

AUTHORS

B. Vian, D. Reis, M. Mosiniak, J. C. Roland

ABSTRACT

In fibres of wood, the classical S1 and S2 layers are connectedvia a transition zone where a helicoidal texture occurs. In order to understand the actual mechanism of cellulose microfibril rotation in this zone, the study of relationship between cellulose and matrix was undertaken cytochemically at the ultrastructural level. Glucuronoxylans,i.e., the main hemicellulose component of hardwood, were studied in cell walls of linden tree. Xylanase-gold complexes were used as a new cytochemical tool to directly and specifically label glucuronoxylans within the wall of fibres. Subtractive localization (KOH or DMSO extraction and PATAg test or shadowing) associated with chemical analysis was carried out as control. The study of isolated glucuronoxylan molecules was undertaken in parallel. Both from direct (xylanase-gold labeling) and indirect techniques (extractions), glucuronoxylans appear preferentially concentrated in the transition zone which overlaps the layers S1 and S2. A comparison between KOH and DMSO extraction indicates a difference in accessibility of glucuronoxylans distributed across the whole wall and those located in the transition zone. Isolated molecules have a rodlike aspect and show a tendancy to spatially organize in parallel alignment. Cytochemical labeling of the isolated molecules concerns covalent linkages, vic-glycol groups and acid side groups along the main chain. The preferential localization indicates that in the helicoidal zone glucuronoxylans constitute a thick matrix embedding the cellulose microfibrils in the course of rotation. This data leads to a discussion of how these localized matrix molecules could intervene in the assembly and the twisted morphogenesis of the fibre cell wall. More... »

PAGES

185-199

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-12. Studies on the alkali extract from beech holocellulose in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1977-06. Further observations on cell wall morphogenesis and polysaccharide arrangement during plant growth in PROTOPLASMA
  • 1977. Wood Ultrastructure in Relation to Chemical Composition in THE STRUCTURE, BIOSYNTHESIS, AND DEGRADATION OF WOOD
  • 1985-07. Ethylene-induced microtubule reorientations: mediation by helical arrays in PLANTA
  • 1982-04. Ultrastructural localization of wall components in wood cells in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 1978-01. Cell wall glycoproteins from Chlamydomonas reinhardii, and their self-assembly in PLANTA
  • 1980-07. Formation of Cholesteric Mesophase in Some Hydroxypropyl Cellulose–Organic Solvent Systems in POLYMER JOURNAL
  • 1981-02. Cholesteric order in aqueous solutions of the polysaccharide Xanthan in POLYMER BULLETIN
  • 1985-03. Chitinase-gold complex used to localize chitin ultrastructurally in tomato root cells infected byFusarium oxysporum f. sp.radicislycopersici, compared with a chitin specific gold-conjugated lectin in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR HISTOLOGY
  • 1984-10. Helicoidal orientation of cellulose microfibrils in Nitella opaca internode cells: ultrastructure and computed theoretical effects of strain reorientation during wall growth in PLANTA
  • 1977. Polysaccharide Shapes in NONE
  • 1982. Visualization of Cellulases and Cellulose Degradation in CELLULOSE AND OTHER NATURAL POLYMER SYSTEMS
  • 1984-11. Use of enzyme-gold complexes for the ultrastructural localization of hemicelluloses in the plant cell wall in HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Protoplasma

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    131

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01285040

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01285040

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022433987


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