Localization and release of allergens from tapetum and pollen grains ofBetula pendula View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1999-03

AUTHORS

G. El-Ghazaly, R. Moate, M. Cresti, B. Walles, Y. Takahashi, F. Ferreira, G. Obermeyer

ABSTRACT

Although intact pollen grains are assumed to be the primary carrier of pollen allergens, specific immunoreactive components have been found in other aerosol fractions, e.g., starch grains and remains of tapetal cells Cryo-scanning-electron-microscopy results demonstrate the presence of a clear network of strands connecting the tapetum with the microspores. The distribution of protein in tapetal orbicules, pollen wall, and pollen cytoplasm was tested by histochemical stains for light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The protein is mainly localized at the apertures and starch grains in the cytoplasm of pollen and in the core and on the surface of tapetal orbicules. Monoclonal antibodies Bv-10, BIP3, and BIP4 have been used to locate the cellular sites of pollen and tapetal allergens inBetula pendula (syn.B. verrucosa). The application of rapid-freeze fixation prevented relocation of allergens from their native sites. The allergens are predominantly found in the starch grains and to lesser extent in the exine. We also tested interactions between mature birch pollen and human fluids: saliva, nostrils fluid, and eyes solution. The aim was to mimic more closely the in vivo situation during allergenic response. In all cases we observed several pollen grains that were burst and had released their cytoplasmic contents. In the nose the allergens are released from the pollen within minutes. In rhinitis, nasal pH is increased from the normal pH 6.0 to 8.0. When we used nasal fluid at pH 8.0, the number of ruptured pollen grains increased. The mechanism that might induce formation of small allergen-bearing particles from living plant cells is discussed. More... »

PAGES

37-46

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01279073

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01279073

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