Improved structural preservation in freeze-substituted sporidia ofUstilago avenae—a comparison with low-temperature embedding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1986-02

AUTHORS

Sigrun Hippe, Monika Hermanns

ABSTRACT

In the present study the cellular fine structure of freeze-substituted sporidia of the phytopathogenic fungusUstilago avenae is investigated by means of thin-section electron microscopy. A conventional embedding method using Spurr's low viscosity resin is compared with the recently developed methacrylate mixtures Lowicryl® K 4 M and HM 20 resin. Generally, freeze-substitution yields improved preservation of fine structural details of the fungus compared to previously applied conventional fixation methods. Using double fixation during freeze-substitution prior to conventional embedding the fungal membrane system (plasmalemma, endoplasmic reticulum), organelles (mitochondria, nucleus etc.) and other cytoplasmic features (ribosomes, cytoskeleton) appear well resolved and smoothly contoured. Aldehyde fixed and Lowicryl embedded sporidia ofU. avenae resemble these double fixed fungal specimens fairly closely. The complete low-temperature preparation produces visualization of distinct cellular details although contrast reversal of cellular membranes (er, mitochondria etc.) is sometimes observed. In particular, fine structure resolution is enhanced in Lowicryl HM 20 embedded fungal cells. This is due also to significant improvement in staining of the cellular membranes, cytoskeleton (microfilaments and microtubules) and Golgi apparatus-like areas, using tannic acid. In case of the fungusU. avenae, freeze-substitution in combination with mild glutaraldehyde fixation and final low-temperature embedding in HM 20 resin prove suitable for improved preservation of cellular ultrastructure. More... »

PAGES

19-30

Journal

TITLE

Protoplasma

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

135

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01277049

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01277049

DIMENSIONS

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