Basalts, underplated gabbros and pyroxenites record the rifting process of the West Iberian margin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-09

AUTHORS

G. Cornen, J. Girardeau, C. Monnier

ABSTRACT

New petrological data on magmatic rocks obtained from the Iberia Abyssal Plain and from the Gorringe Bank, combined with those already known on the Galicia Bank, allow to better constrain the formation of the West Iberian Margin. These three zones were sampled along East-West transects of the ocean-continent transition, immediately West or at the foot of the last tilted continental block of the margin. These sections expose similar lithological successions including scarce basalts, locally pillowed, resting directly on peridotites (predominant) which themselves include layers of pyroxenites and rare lenses of gabbros and gabbroic differentiates. The latter are locally strongly sheared and metamorphosed e.g. to chlorite schists. At the Galicia Bank the exposed undepleted lherzolites are considered to be typical of a sub-continental lithospheric mantle environment. The mantle sections exposed at both the Iberia Abyssal Plain and the Gorringe Bank are clearly different. The presence of plagioclase-bearing websterite lenses and of small alkaline pyroxenites within the predominant harzburgites, is unknown in pure oceanic environments and supports their lithospheric sub-continental origin. Along each transect, the mineralogy of the gabbroic series documents various depths of emplacement and deformation. The highest pressures near 0.8 GPa ( ∼ 24 km depth) at Galicia Bank and Iberia Abyssal Plain are estimated from Al-rich pyroxenes and from the occurrence of metamorphic spinels in the sheared gabbros (Iberia Abyssal Plain). These gabbros are interpreted as deriving from underplated magmas at the base of a slightly thinned continental crust. The lower pressures (≤ 0.6 GPa) registered in the Gorringe Bank gabbroic rocks and in some reexamined gabbros from the Galicia Bank, suggest the existence of successive intrusions during the stretching process. The few basalts sampled on top of the exposed peridotites of the sea floor are inferred to be among the first post-rift extrusive magmas. They differ slightly from the North to the South of the margin: enriched and transitional tholeiites occur at Galicia Bank and in the Iberia Abyssal Plain, transitional and depleted tholeiites at the Gorringe Bank. The trace elements and the isotope data available show that the basalts and the gabbros derived from similar heterogeneous mantle sources (10.3 ≥ εNdT ≥ 3.6). The behavior of some incompatible elements (Nb in particular) documents locally either a possible fractionation of rutile in shallow lithospheric mantle or some contamination by the continental crust. A very slow lithospheric stretching, assisted by the intrusion, underplating, and the shearing of a few gabbroic sills, followed by the unroofing of heterogeneous subcontinental mantle can account for the formation of the entire West Iberian margin. More... »

PAGES

111-142

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Mineralogy and Petrology

    ISSUE

    3-4

    VOLUME

    67

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01161518

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01161518

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050631238


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