Microstructure and superconducting properties of melt-quenched insoluble Al-Pb and Al-Pb-Bi alloys View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1987-01

AUTHORS

A. Inoue, N. Yano, K. Matsuzaki, T. Masumoto

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain aluminium-based superconducting alloys including finely dispersed lead or Pb-Bi particles, the application of the melt-quenching technique has been tried for Al-Pb, Al-Si-Pb and Al-Si-Pb-Bi alloys containing immiscible elements such as lead and bismuth. It has been found to result in the preparation of superconducting materials consisting of fcc Pb or h c p ε(Pb-Bi) particles dispersed finely and densely in the aluminium-based matrix in each composition range below about 2 at % Pb for Al-Pb alloys and 5 at % Pb or (Pb + Bi) for (Al0.9 Si0.1)100−x Pbx and (Al0.9Si0.1)100−x (Pb0.6Bi0.4)x alloys. The particle size and interparticle distance were ∼ 40 nm and 40 to 100 nm, respectively, within the grains, and ∼ 100 nm and below ∼ 30 nm, respectively, at the grain boundaries for the lead phase in Al98 Pb2 alloy. Particle size was ∼ 15 to 60 nm and interpartide distance 30 to 60 nm for the Pb- Bi phase in (Al0.9 Si0.1)95(Pb0.6 Bi0.4)5 Transition temperature,Tc was 4.16 K for Al98Pb2, 3.94K for (Al0.9Si0.1)95 Pb5 and 7.75 K for (Al0.9Si0.1)95(Pb0.6Bi0.4)5. The upper critical magnetic field,Hc2, and critical current density,Jc, for (Al0.9Si0.1)95(Pb0.6Bi0.4)5 were 0.22 T at 4.2 K and 1.67 × 107 Am−2atzeroappliedheld and 4.2 K. The appearance of the superconductivity for the aluminium -based alloys was interpreted as due to the formation of superconducting percolation path along the tangled dislocations, sub-boundaries and/or grain boundaries where Pb and Pb-Bi phases precipitated preferentially. More... »

PAGES

123-131

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Materials Science

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

22

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01160560

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01160560

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014058145


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