The prevalence and retention of lead pellets in Japanese quail View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1993-05

AUTHORS

Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Masatoshi Hayashi, Makoto Yoshimura, Hitofumi Hayashi, Ayako Hiratsuka, Yohko Isii

ABSTRACT

Thirty-six Japanese quail (18 control birds, 18 lead-dosed birds) were used. The 18 quail were dosed with #4 lead weight that were orally inserted into the proventriculus. Delta-aminolevulunic acid dehydrase (ALAD) activity in erythrocytes in the dosed quail decreased 90% (p < 0.01) after one week as compared with the undosed quail. This inhibition of ALAD activity in erythrocytes indicates lead exposure. Radiographics were obtained at 0, 1, 4, 9, 22, and 32 days. The lead pellets remained in the gizzard and became smaller in 4 days. At day 22, after the lead treatment, in 8 quail of the treated quail 12, the lead pellets disappeared. At day 32, all lead pellets disappeared. These findings indicate that the ingested lead pellets are absorbed gradually in the intestine. The lead concentrations in the blood, liver, kidney, and femur of the lead-dosed quail were significantly higher than in the unclosed quail until the 6th week. At week 2, the lead concentration of the proventriculus, gizzard, gizzard contents, duodenum, small intestine, and cecum in the dosed quail was significantly higher. Lead concentration of feces was significantly higher at weeks 2 and 4 (p < 0.01). Throughout this study, no lead pellets were found in the feces. More... »

PAGES

478-482

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1987-01. Hematological evaluation of lead intoxication in mallards in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1981-01. Tissue lead concentrations in Japanese quail ingesting lead pellets or shot with lead pellets in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1989-10. Distribution and residue level of mercury, cadmium and lead in Korean birds in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1988-02. Mortality and hematology associated with the ingestion of one number four lead shot in black ducks,Anas rubripes in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • 1989-02. Lead poisoning of northern pintail ducks feeding in a tidal meadow contaminated with shot from a trap and skeet range in BULLETIN OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01146165

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01146165

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016035065

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8507102


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    176 schema:name Department of Public Health, Nippon Veterinary and Animal Science University, Kyounan-cho 1-7-1, Musashino, 180, Tokyo, Japan
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