Preparation of nickel-based amorphous alloys with finely dispersed lead and lead-bismuth particles and their superconducting properties View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1986-01

AUTHORS

A. Inoue, M. Oguchi, K. Matsuzaki, Y. Harakawa, T. Masumoto

ABSTRACT

The application of the melt-quenching technique to Ni-Si-B-Pb, Ni-P-B-Pb, Ni-Si-B-Pb-Bi and Ni-P-B-Pb-Bi alloys containing immiscible elements such as lead and bismuth has been tried and it has been found to result in the formation of a new type of material consisting of fine fcc Pb or hcp ɛ(Pb-Bi) + bct X(Pb-Bi) particles dispersed uniformly in the nickelbased amorphous matrix. The particle size and interparticle distance were 1 to 3 and 1 to 4 µm, respectively, for the lead phase, and less than 0.2 to 0.5 µm and 0.2 to 1.0 µm for the Pb-Bi phase. The uniform dispersion of such fine particles into the amorphous matrix was achieved in the composition range below about 6at% Pb and 7at% (Pb + Bi). Additionally, these amorphous alloys have been found to exhibit a superconductivity by the proximity effect of f c c Pb or ɛ(Pb-Bi) superconducting particles. The transition temperatureTc was in the range 6.8 to 7.5 K for the Ni-Si(or P)-B-Pb alloys and 8.6 to 8.8 K for the Ni-Si (or P)-B-Pb-Bi alloys. The upper critical fieldHc2 and the critical current densityJc for (Ni0.8 P0.1 B0.1)95 Pb3 Bi2 at 4.2 K were, respectively, about 1.6T and of the order of 7 X 107 A m−2 at zero applied field. Melt quenching of amorphous phase-forming alloys containing an immiscible element has thus been demonstrated, enabling us to produce amorphous composite materials exhibiting unique and useful characteristics which cannot be obtained in homogeneous amorphous alloys. More... »

PAGES

260-268

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Materials Science

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

21

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01144730

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01144730

DIMENSIONS

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