Drug use and pretrial misconduct in New York city View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1989-06

AUTHORS

Douglas A. Smith, Eric D. Wish, G. Roger Jarjoura

ABSTRACT

Is recent drug use significantly associated with pretrial misconduct? Does consideration of recent drug use enhance risk classification among a sample of persons who have time free pending the disposition of their cases? Using data on arrestees in Manhattan, this paper examines these issues and some related questions. To measure recent drug use, urine samples were collected from persons shortly after their arrest and tested for four drugs: heroin, cocaine, PCP, and methadone. Two measures of pretrial misconduct are considered: whether a defendant fails to appear for a scheduled court date (FTA) and whether a defendant is rearrested prior to case disposition. Censored probit models are used to estimate the statistical association between drug test results and pretrial misconduct. Results show that drug test results are significantly associated with pretrial misconduct over and above the information typically available to judges at the time release decisions are made. Some implications of these findings for pretrial decision making are discussed. More... »

PAGES

101-126

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-06. Risk assessment vs real prediction: The prediction problem and public trust in JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE CRIMINOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01062519

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01062519

    DIMENSIONS

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