The early twentieth century Arctic high — fact or fiction? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1987-02

AUTHORS

PD Jones

ABSTRACT

Reconstructions of monthly mean sea-level grid-point pressure from station pressure data over the Arctic region using an objective technique have revealed two serious errors in the gridded data. First, all gridded data (from the U.S. Historical Weather Map series) for the Arctic Ocean area away from the North Atlantic sector appears to be between 4 and 6 mb too high before about 1931. The semi-permanent Arctic high produced in the early historical map series was the result of a lack of basic station data, and the belief amongst many North American meteorologists of the 1920s and 1930s of the existence of a polar or glacial anticyclone. The second error affects only north-western North America for the years 1899–1909. Here pressure is again too high compared with reconstructed data. The cause of this error is not immediately apparent, but is probably the result of an erroneous correction to sea level for stations in the region. Both errors seriously affect the homogeneity of the gridded Arctic series. The objective scheme used to reveal the errors, can also be used to derive correction factors for the gridded data prior to 1931. More... »

PAGES

63-75

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1951. Arctic Meteorology in COMPENDIUM OF METEOROLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Climate Dynamics

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    1

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01054476

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01054476

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044389138


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0403", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Geology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Earth Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of East Anglia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8273.e", 
              "name": [
                "Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ, Norwich, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Jones", 
            "givenName": "PD", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:tgga>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006571942"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1983)022<0687:ivomms>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013042374"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-940033-70-9_75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013921570", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-940033-70-9_75"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<1354:aeotnh>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015409437"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0942:eotnvo>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017330204"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0855:tnhslp>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018685792"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1978)106<0296:tsiwtb>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021875298"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0145:amtett>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022035033"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3370060102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050313579"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0161:nhsatv>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051729171"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:smaotg>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052913253"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.108.2800.193", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062447398"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/04353676.1979.11879990", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092600386"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1987-02", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1987-02-01", 
        "description": "Reconstructions of monthly mean sea-level grid-point pressure from station pressure data over the Arctic region using an objective technique have revealed two serious errors in the gridded data. First, all gridded data (from the U.S. Historical Weather Map series) for the Arctic Ocean area away from the North Atlantic sector appears to be between 4 and 6 mb too high before about 1931. The semi-permanent Arctic high produced in the early historical map series was the result of a lack of basic station data, and the belief amongst many North American meteorologists of the 1920s and 1930s of the existence of a polar or glacial anticyclone. The second error affects only north-western North America for the years 1899\u20131909. Here pressure is again too high compared with reconstructed data. The cause of this error is not immediately apparent, but is probably the result of an erroneous correction to sea level for stations in the region. Both errors seriously affect the homogeneity of the gridded Arctic series. The objective scheme used to reveal the errors, can also be used to derive correction factors for the gridded data prior to 1931.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01054476", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1049631", 
            "issn": [
              "0930-7575", 
              "1432-0894"
            ], 
            "name": "Climate Dynamics", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "2", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "1"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The early twentieth century Arctic high \u2014 fact or fiction?", 
        "pagination": "63-75", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "d3713d5985b1867c4bdb0aac03e735f818bd161b84a8de82b59692c64ac686eb"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf01054476"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1044389138"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01054476", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044389138"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:54", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8681_00000496.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF01054476"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01054476'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01054476'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01054476'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01054476'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    100 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      40 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01054476 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
    2 anzsrc-for:0403
    3 schema:author N6cac8f2b39464539beaccc239e73b19f
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-940033-70-9_75
    5 https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3370060102
    6 https://doi.org/10.1080/04353676.1979.11879990
    7 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.108.2800.193
    8 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1983)022<0687:ivomms>2.0.co;2
    9 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0145:amtett>2.0.co;2
    10 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0161:nhsatv>2.0.co;2
    11 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:smaotg>2.0.co;2
    12 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:tgga>2.0.co;2
    13 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0942:eotnvo>2.0.co;2
    14 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<1354:aeotnh>2.0.co;2
    15 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1978)106<0296:tsiwtb>2.0.co;2
    16 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0855:tnhslp>2.0.co;2
    17 schema:datePublished 1987-02
    18 schema:datePublishedReg 1987-02-01
    19 schema:description Reconstructions of monthly mean sea-level grid-point pressure from station pressure data over the Arctic region using an objective technique have revealed two serious errors in the gridded data. First, all gridded data (from the U.S. Historical Weather Map series) for the Arctic Ocean area away from the North Atlantic sector appears to be between 4 and 6 mb too high before about 1931. The semi-permanent Arctic high produced in the early historical map series was the result of a lack of basic station data, and the belief amongst many North American meteorologists of the 1920s and 1930s of the existence of a polar or glacial anticyclone. The second error affects only north-western North America for the years 1899–1909. Here pressure is again too high compared with reconstructed data. The cause of this error is not immediately apparent, but is probably the result of an erroneous correction to sea level for stations in the region. Both errors seriously affect the homogeneity of the gridded Arctic series. The objective scheme used to reveal the errors, can also be used to derive correction factors for the gridded data prior to 1931.
    20 schema:genre research_article
    21 schema:inLanguage en
    22 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    23 schema:isPartOf N566fa1b1fc474c3b80ea0752e3a9b4b4
    24 N65da4e930c854f8a8bd2eee45d020976
    25 sg:journal.1049631
    26 schema:name The early twentieth century Arctic high — fact or fiction?
    27 schema:pagination 63-75
    28 schema:productId N31c2b2c8e4af4a3ba8e67efbbdc27532
    29 N41f3ba77051e4af68de3cdb4f604ff1b
    30 Na0f8eb56cee1414fb5a13bedfd18974c
    31 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044389138
    32 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01054476
    33 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:54
    34 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    35 schema:sdPublisher Ndd0d8bbd67ee49f3a918167d021d71fc
    36 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF01054476
    37 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    38 sgo:sdDataset articles
    39 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    40 N31c2b2c8e4af4a3ba8e67efbbdc27532 schema:name dimensions_id
    41 schema:value pub.1044389138
    42 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    43 N41f3ba77051e4af68de3cdb4f604ff1b schema:name doi
    44 schema:value 10.1007/bf01054476
    45 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    46 N566fa1b1fc474c3b80ea0752e3a9b4b4 schema:issueNumber 2
    47 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    48 N65da4e930c854f8a8bd2eee45d020976 schema:volumeNumber 1
    49 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    50 N6cac8f2b39464539beaccc239e73b19f rdf:first N9984eb292f2d4fd8bd5fb5e6d214f037
    51 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    52 N9984eb292f2d4fd8bd5fb5e6d214f037 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8273.e
    53 schema:familyName Jones
    54 schema:givenName PD
    55 rdf:type schema:Person
    56 Na0f8eb56cee1414fb5a13bedfd18974c schema:name readcube_id
    57 schema:value d3713d5985b1867c4bdb0aac03e735f818bd161b84a8de82b59692c64ac686eb
    58 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    59 Ndd0d8bbd67ee49f3a918167d021d71fc schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    60 rdf:type schema:Organization
    61 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    62 schema:name Earth Sciences
    63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    64 anzsrc-for:0403 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    65 schema:name Geology
    66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    67 sg:journal.1049631 schema:issn 0930-7575
    68 1432-0894
    69 schema:name Climate Dynamics
    70 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    71 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-940033-70-9_75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013921570
    72 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-940033-70-9_75
    73 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    74 https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3370060102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050313579
    75 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    76 https://doi.org/10.1080/04353676.1979.11879990 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092600386
    77 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    78 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.108.2800.193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062447398
    79 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    80 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1983)022<0687:ivomms>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013042374
    81 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    82 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0145:amtett>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022035033
    83 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    84 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1986)025<0161:nhsatv>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051729171
    85 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    86 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:smaotg>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052913253
    87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    88 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1945)002<0135:tgga>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006571942
    89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    90 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<0942:eotnvo>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017330204
    91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    92 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1976)104<1354:aeotnh>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015409437
    93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    94 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1978)106<0296:tsiwtb>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021875298
    95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    96 https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0855:tnhslp>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018685792
    97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    98 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8273.e schema:alternateName University of East Anglia
    99 schema:name Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, NR4 7TJ, Norwich, UK
    100 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...