Chemistry of softwood lignin degradation byStreptomyces viridosporus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1982-03

AUTHORS

Don L. Crawford, Michael J. Barder, Anthony L. Pometto, Ronald L. Crawford

ABSTRACT

Polymeric lignin isolated from ground spruce phloem/bark tissue following decay by the actinomyceteStreptomyces viridosporus (T7A) was characterized chemically and compared to undergraded lignin from the same source. The chemical transformations resulting from degradation were compared to those that result from fungal degradation of softwood lignins by brown- and white-rot fungi. Degradative chemical analyses showed thatS. viridosporus-degraded lignin was significantly altered in structure. Much of the integrity of the basic 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylpropane subunit structure was lost. Actinomycete-decayed lignin was decreased in carbon and enriched in oxygen and hydrogen contents. It also had been extensively demethylated. Chemical analysed indicated that phenylpropanoid side-chains had been oxidized by introduction of α-carbonyls and by side-chain shortening reactions. Although the degraded lignin remained polymeric, it was significantly dearomatized. These changes are similar to those previously reported for white-rotted lignins, except for the increased hydrogen content. The evidence indicated that lignin degradation byS. viridosporus is oxidative and involves demethylations, ring cleavage reactions, and oxidative attack on phenylpropanoid side-chains. Also, some reduced structures accumulate in the polymer and some low molecular weight intermediates are released into the growth medium. More... »

PAGES

140-145

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01053996

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01053996

DIMENSIONS

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