Intraspecific karyotype divergence inTriticum araraticum (Poaceae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-03

AUTHORS

E. D. Badaeva, N. S. Badaev, B. S. Gill, A. A. Filatenko

ABSTRACT

Karyotypes of 185 accessions ofTriticum araraticumJakubz. (2n = 28 = 4x = AtAtGG) from Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and Transcaucasia were analyzed using C-banding technique. All accessions showed a certain degree of C-banding polymorphism and further karyotypic diversity was generated by structural rearrangements, mainly translocations. Eighty-one accessions had the normal karyotype similar to that ofT. timopheevii (cultivation), i.e., they showed C-banding polymorphism but no chromosomal rearrangements based on the resolving power of the C-banding technique. One-hundred four accessions showed 34 karyotypic variants, 31 had reciprocal translocations with the breakpoints in the centromeric regions of chromosomes. Three showed reciprocal translocations with the breakpoints in intercalary regions of chromosomes. A paracentric inversion for 7At chromosome was observed in some accessions. The rearranged karyotypes differed from the normal by one translocation in 21 variants, by two in 9 variants, by three in 1 variant, and by four in 2 variants of karyotypes. Translocations occurred more frequenty in the chromosomes of G-genome than of At-genome. Individual chromosomes differed in the frequencies of their involvement in translocations. Each geographical region contained a unique spectrum of translocations. Karyotypic diversity was the highest in Iraq followed by Transcaucasia and Turkey. Iran showed little karyotypic variation. Based on karyotypic analysis, Iraq should be considered as a centre of origin and primary centre of diversity ofT. araraticum. More... »

PAGES

117-145

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00985912

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00985912

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025515069


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