Quasi-steady flight to quasi-steady flight transition in a windshear: Trajectory optimization and guidance View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1987-08

AUTHORS

A. Miele, T. Wang, W. W. Melvin

ABSTRACT

This paper is concerned with the near-optimum guidance of an aircraft from quasi-steady flight to quasi-steady flight in a windshear. The take-off problem is considered with reference to flight in a vertical plane. In addition to the horizontal shear, the presence of a downdraft is considered. It is assumed that the power setting is held at the maximum value and that the aircraft is controlled through the angle of attack. Inequality constraints are imposed on both the angle of attack and its time derivative.First, trajectory optimization is considered. The optimal transition problem is formulated as a Chebyshev problem of optimal control: the performance index being minimized is the peak value of the modulus of the difference between the absolute path inclination and a reference value, assumed constant. Two types of optimal trajectories are studied: type 1 is concerned with gamma recovery (recovery of the initial value of the relative path inclination); and type 2 is concerned with quasisteady flight recovery (recovery of the initial values of the relative velocity, the relative path inclination, and the relative angle of attack). The numerical results show that the type 1 trajectory and the type 2 trajectory are nearly the same in the shear portion, while they diverge to a considerable degree in the aftershear portion of the optimal trajectory.Next, trajectory guidance is considered. A guidance scheme is developed so as to achieve near-optimum quasi-steady flight recovery in a windshear. The guidance scheme for quasi-steady flight recovery includes three parts in sequence. The first part refers to the shear portion of the trajectory and is based on the result that this portion of the trajectory depends only mildly on the boundary conditions; therefore, any of the guidance schemes already developed for type 1 trajectories can be employed (for instance, variable gamma guidance). The second part (constant gamma guidance) refers to the initial aftershear portion of the trajectory and is designed to achieve almost velocity recovery. The third part (constant rate of climb guidance) refers to the final aftershear portion of the trajectory and is designed to achieve almost complete restoration of the initial quasi-steady state.While the shear guidance and the initial aftershear guidance employ constant gain coefficients, the final aftershear guidance employs a variable gain coefficient. This is done in order to obtain accuracy and prompt response, while avoiding oscillations and overshoots. The numerical results show that the guidance scheme for quasi-steady flight recovery yields a transition from quasi-steady flight to quasi-steady flight which is close to that of the optimal trajectory, ensures the restoration of the initial quasi-steady state, and has good stability properties. More... »

PAGES

203-240

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1978-11. Sequential gradient-restoration algorithm for optimal control problems with general boundary conditions in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 1986-07. Guidance strategies for near-optimum take-off performance in a windshear in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • 1986-04. Optimal take-off trajectories in the presence of windshear in JOURNAL OF OPTIMIZATION THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00939432

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00939432

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036244035


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