Halophily and halotolerance in cyanophytes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-06

AUTHORS

Stjepko Golubic

ABSTRACT

The survival, growth and distribution of organisms in hypersaline environments is discussed using cyanophytes (cyanobacteria) as examples. The distinction between halophilic (Na+-requiring) and halotolerant organisms is not adequate to describe the entire spectrum of adaptations to salt. The classical division into stenohaline (narrow) and euryhaline (wide) adaptational types, with optima identified as oligo-, meso- and polyhaline, better reflects both organismal adaptations and the environmental conditions to which these are adjusted and is therefore recommended as a conceptual model. Two independent properties of organisms are growth and survival. Organisms requiring narrow ranges of salt concentration are considered specialists and are restricted to environments with relatively constant salinities at any particular concentration. Organisms which tolerate wide ranges of fluctuation in salinity are considered generalists. The existence of separate and distinct microbial assemblages in these two types of environments is demonstrated in marine intertidal zones and seasonal salt works, representative of fluctuating salinity, and in the open ocean. The hypersaline ponds of Yallahs, Jamaica, and Solar Lake, Sinai represent different but relatively constant salinities. It is concluded that cyanophytes speciate along the salinity gradient, and that separate halophilic taxa occupy environments with relatively constant salinities. More... »

PAGES

169-183

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Origins of Life

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

10

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00928667

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00928667

DIMENSIONS

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