Time-dependence of sea-ice concentration and multiyear ice fraction in the Arctic Basin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1978-01

AUTHORS

P. Gloersen, H. J. Zwally, A. T. C. Chang, D. K. Hall, W. J. Campbell, R. O. Ramseier

ABSTRACT

The time variation of the sea-ice concentration and multiyear ice fraction within the pack ice in the Arctic Basin is examined, using microwave images of sea ice recently acquired by the Nimbus-5 spacecraft and the NASA CV-990 airborne laboratory. The images used for these studies were constructed from data acquired from the Electrically Scanned Microwave Radiometer (ESMR) which records radiation from earth and its atmosphere at a wavelength of 1.55 cm. Data are analyzed for four seasons during 1973–1975 to illustrate some basic differences in the properties of the sea ice during those times. Spacecraft data are compared with corresponding NASA CV-990 airborne laboratory data obtained over wide areas in the Arctic Basin during the Main Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment (1975) to illustrate the applicability of passive-microwave remote sensing for monitoring the time dependence of sea-ice concentration (divergence). These observations indicate significant variations in the sea-ice concentration in the spring, late fall and early winter. In addition, deep in the interior of the Arctic polar sea-ice pack, heretofore unobserved large areas, several hundred kilometers in extent, of sea-ice concentrations as low as 50% are indicated. More... »

PAGES

339-359

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00913881

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00913881

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037678629


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