Effort and demand logic in medical decision making View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-10

AUTHORS

G. William Moore, Grover M. Hutchins

ABSTRACT

Medical decisions, including diagnosis, prognosis, and disease classification, must often be made on the basis of incomplete or unsatisfactory information. Data which are essential to the care of one patient may be unobtainable for technical or ethical reasons in another patient. For this reason the principles of controlled experimentation may be impossible to satisfy in human studies. In this paper, some formal aspects of medical decision making are discussed. Special operators for the intuitive concepts of ‘certainty’, ‘demand’, and ‘effort’, akin to the operators of modal logic, are used to accommodate the technical and ethical limitations on human studies. Theorems are stated and proved which show how this system handles incomplete information. The embryogenesis of the human heart is presented as a sample problem in classification. More... »

PAGES

277-303

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00882620

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00882620

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047738924


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2203", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Philosophy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/22", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Philosophy and Religious Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 21205, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Moore", 
        "givenName": "G. William", 
        "id": "sg:person.01032646746.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01032646746.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Johns Hopkins Hospital", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 21205, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hutchins", 
        "givenName": "Grover M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0743327605.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743327605.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1972.03200260011003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000521033"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0954-6820.1974.tb00996.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001509531"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0954-6820.1974.tb00996.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001509531"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(77)90013-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003463978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(79)90375-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015218502"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm197808172990704", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030767456"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1000130302", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053077559"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.221.13.1471", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054128520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1106906", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057122616"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.130.3366.9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062473156"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080611871", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1980-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1980-10-01", 
    "description": "Medical decisions, including diagnosis, prognosis, and disease classification, must often be made on the basis of incomplete or unsatisfactory information. Data which are essential to the care of one patient may be unobtainable for technical or ethical reasons in another patient. For this reason the principles of controlled experimentation may be impossible to satisfy in human studies. In this paper, some formal aspects of medical decision making are discussed. Special operators for the intuitive concepts of \u2018certainty\u2019, \u2018demand\u2019, and \u2018effort\u2019, akin to the operators of modal logic, are used to accommodate the technical and ethical limitations on human studies. Theorems are stated and proved which show how this system handles incomplete information. The embryogenesis of the human heart is presented as a sample problem in classification.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00882620", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1091515", 
        "issn": [
          "1386-7415", 
          "1573-0980"
        ], 
        "name": "Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "1"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Effort and demand logic in medical decision making", 
    "pagination": "277-303", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "e36a4df586e2572027bf95e45a670592b53c183afacfde3cc21bdb8fba69ae72"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00882620"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1047738924"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00882620", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047738924"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T01:02", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8697_00000491.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00882620"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00882620'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00882620'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00882620'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00882620'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

97 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      37 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00882620 schema:about anzsrc-for:22
2 anzsrc-for:2203
3 schema:author N26c2b7f4b8e7491ba278a94e1d94ad5a
4 schema:citation https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080611871
5 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1972.03200260011003
6 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.221.13.1471
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1000130302
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(77)90013-3
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(79)90375-8
10 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1106906
11 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm197808172990704
12 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0954-6820.1974.tb00996.x
13 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.130.3366.9
14 schema:datePublished 1980-10
15 schema:datePublishedReg 1980-10-01
16 schema:description Medical decisions, including diagnosis, prognosis, and disease classification, must often be made on the basis of incomplete or unsatisfactory information. Data which are essential to the care of one patient may be unobtainable for technical or ethical reasons in another patient. For this reason the principles of controlled experimentation may be impossible to satisfy in human studies. In this paper, some formal aspects of medical decision making are discussed. Special operators for the intuitive concepts of ‘certainty’, ‘demand’, and ‘effort’, akin to the operators of modal logic, are used to accommodate the technical and ethical limitations on human studies. Theorems are stated and proved which show how this system handles incomplete information. The embryogenesis of the human heart is presented as a sample problem in classification.
17 schema:genre research_article
18 schema:inLanguage en
19 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
20 schema:isPartOf N1688da1285d24c569d021e622e204423
21 Nd5e1b6d75c464ed0bfb3148899ce1e82
22 sg:journal.1091515
23 schema:name Effort and demand logic in medical decision making
24 schema:pagination 277-303
25 schema:productId N0cfd5eb3f16f4ad89918929d142979f0
26 N89a89633dbdf49dda51921a077ab80cf
27 Nd46a3c11dab7428188827c012625e92f
28 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047738924
29 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00882620
30 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T01:02
31 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
32 schema:sdPublisher Nd27ee439014f47428780959212edd4c5
33 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00882620
34 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
35 sgo:sdDataset articles
36 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
37 N0cfd5eb3f16f4ad89918929d142979f0 schema:name doi
38 schema:value 10.1007/bf00882620
39 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
40 N1688da1285d24c569d021e622e204423 schema:issueNumber 3
41 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
42 N26c2b7f4b8e7491ba278a94e1d94ad5a rdf:first sg:person.01032646746.00
43 rdf:rest N98d73b3988034c8daebef7a78eb758a9
44 N89a89633dbdf49dda51921a077ab80cf schema:name readcube_id
45 schema:value e36a4df586e2572027bf95e45a670592b53c183afacfde3cc21bdb8fba69ae72
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N98d73b3988034c8daebef7a78eb758a9 rdf:first sg:person.0743327605.00
48 rdf:rest rdf:nil
49 Nd27ee439014f47428780959212edd4c5 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
50 rdf:type schema:Organization
51 Nd46a3c11dab7428188827c012625e92f schema:name dimensions_id
52 schema:value pub.1047738924
53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
54 Nd5e1b6d75c464ed0bfb3148899ce1e82 schema:volumeNumber 1
55 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
56 anzsrc-for:22 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
57 schema:name Philosophy and Religious Studies
58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
59 anzsrc-for:2203 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
60 schema:name Philosophy
61 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
62 sg:journal.1091515 schema:issn 1386-7415
63 1573-0980
64 schema:name Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
65 rdf:type schema:Periodical
66 sg:person.01032646746.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b
67 schema:familyName Moore
68 schema:givenName G. William
69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01032646746.00
70 rdf:type schema:Person
71 sg:person.0743327605.00 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b
72 schema:familyName Hutchins
73 schema:givenName Grover M.
74 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0743327605.00
75 rdf:type schema:Person
76 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080611871 schema:CreativeWork
77 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1972.03200260011003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000521033
78 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
79 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.221.13.1471 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054128520
80 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
81 https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1000130302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053077559
82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
83 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(77)90013-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003463978
84 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
85 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(79)90375-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015218502
86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
87 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1106906 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057122616
88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
89 https://doi.org/10.1056/nejm197808172990704 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030767456
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0954-6820.1974.tb00996.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001509531
92 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
93 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.130.3366.9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062473156
94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
95 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411935.b schema:alternateName Johns Hopkins Hospital
96 schema:name Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 21205, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.
97 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...