Onshore tsunami deposits caused by the 1993 Southwest Hokkaido and 1983 Japan Sea earthquakes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1995-09

AUTHORS

Hiroshi Sato, Toshihiko Shimamoto, Akito Tsutsumi, Eiko Kawamoto

ABSTRACT

Onshore tsunami deposits resulting from the 1993 Southwest Hokkaido and 1983 Japan Sea earthquakes were described to evaluate the feasibility of tsunami deposits for inferring paleoseismic events along submarine faults. Tsunami deposits were divided into three types, based on their composition and aerial distribution: (A) deposits consisting only of floating materials, (B) locally distributed siliclastic deposits, and (C) widespread siliclastic deposits. The most widely distributed tsunami deposits consist of the first two types. Type C deposits are mostly limited to areas where the higher tsunami runup was observed. The scale of tsunami represented by vertical tsunami runup is an important factor controlling the volume of tsunami deposits. The thickest deposits, about 10 cm, occur behind coastal dunes. To produce thick siliclastic tsunami deposits, a suitable source area, such as sand bar or dune, must be available in addition to sufficient vertical tsunami runup. Estimation of the amounts of erosion and deposition indicates that tsunami deposits were derived from both onshore and shoreface regions. The composition and grain size of the tsunami deposits strongly reflect the nature of the sedimentary materials of their source area. Sedimentary structures of the tsunami deposits suggest both low and high flow régimes. Consequently, it seems very difficult to identify tsunami deposits based only on grain size distribution or sedimentary structure of a single site in ancient successions. More... »

PAGES

693-717

Journal

TITLE

Pure and Applied Geophysics

ISSUE

3-4

VOLUME

144

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00874390

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00874390

DIMENSIONS

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