Optimal collimator choice for sequential iodine-123 and technetium-99m imaging View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-07

AUTHORS

Frank De Geeter, Philippe R Franken, Michel Defrise, Heidi Andries, Erik Saelens, Axel Bossuyt

ABSTRACT

Dual-isotope studies with technetium-99m and iodine-123 may be useful for various organs, including brain and myocardium. For the images obtained with each of the tracers to be comparable, it is important that activity ratios (activity in one part of the image/reference activity in the image) are preserved by the imaging method. We have used a Rollo phantom to study how collimator response affects such ratios. All investigations were performed with 123I(p,5n) and on a Siemens Orbiter 3700 camera fitted with either a low-energy high-resolution (LEHR) or a medium-energy (ME) collimator. Images were made of a Rollo phantom filled with an aqueous solution of either 99Tc or 123I, and placed on the collimator surface with 8 cm of methyl-methacrylate interposed. Count densities were measured in ROIs drawn in each cell of the phantom, and normalised to the maximal ROI value in the image. The mean square error (MSE) was used to assess how well the ratios of count densities approximated the known activity ratios based on the dimensions of the cells of the phantom. For 99mTc, regardless of the collimator used, the count density ratios approximated the activity ratios fairly well (LEHR: MSE=0.008; ME: MSE=0.020). For 123I, count density ratios obtained with the LEHR were consistently higher than activity ratios (MSE=0. 235), whereas the differences between the measured and the theoretical values were less with the ME collimator (MSE=0.013). Contrast fidelity of the 123I images obtained with the LEHR collimator could be improved with Jaszczak scatter correction with k=1, but this led to unfavourable signal-to-noise ratios. For sequential 99mTc/123I studies with extended sources, ME is to be preferred because of its higher contrast accuracy. Spatial resolution is less for the ME than for the LEHR collimator (FWHM with scatter: LEHR/99mTc=6.9 mm, LEHR/123I=7.4 mm, ME/99mTc= 10.1 mm, ME/123I=11.1 mm), but remains similar for both tracers when the ME is used. More... »

PAGES

768-774

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00843705

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00843705

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039693790

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8662115


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