Size-dependent territory defense by a damselfish View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1985-12

AUTHORS

Susan A. Foster

ABSTRACT

Three adult size classes of the territorial Caribbean dusky damselfish,Stegastes dorsopunicans, are differently distributed with respect to habitat, and with respect to the biomass of filamentous algal turfs in the areas they defend. The density of large individuals is positively correlated with the decalcified dry biomass of these turfs, whereas the densities of medium and small individuals are inversely related to algal biomass. Density of the urchin,Diadema, is also inversely correlated with algal biomass. The high density of large dusky damselfish in sites with algal turfs of relatively high biomass probably results from preferences of dusky damselfish for sites in which algal turfs are thick, and superior abilities of large individuals to defend these sites.Because both rate of attacks and the effectiveness of attacks on territory invaders by dusky damselfish increases with increasing size, sites with relatively high biomass algal turfs are typically better defended than those with lower biomass turfs. Apparently as a result of this, small foraging groups of the blue tang surgeonfish,Acanthurus coeruleus, feed less on high biomass algal turfs than do larger foraging groups, the members of which experience attacks by defending damselfishes less frequently. The relatively low proportionate use of high biomass feeding sites by solitary blue tangs and members of small foraging groups is caused by dusky damselfish. When the density of this damselfish was reduced artificially, use of high biomass algal turfs by solitary blue tangs increased to a level indistinguishable from that of participants in large foraging groups. More... »

PAGES

499-505

Journal

TITLE

Oecologia

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

67

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00790020

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00790020

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049022833

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28311034


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