Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1983-06

AUTHORS

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward

ABSTRACT

We describe a new and highly effective optical frequency discriminator and laser stabilization system based on signals reflected from a stable Fabry-Perot reference interferometer. High sensitivity for detection of resonance information is achieved by optical heterodyne detection with sidebands produced by rf phase modulation. Physical, optical, and electronic aspects of this discriminator/laser frequency stabilization system are considered in detail. We show that a high-speed domain exists in which the system responds to the phase (rather than frequency) change of the laser; thus with suitable design the servo loop bandwidth is not limited by the cavity response time. We report diagnostic experiments in which a dye laser and gas laser were independently locked to one stable cavity. Because of the precautions employed, the observed sub-100 Hz beat line width shows that the lasers were this stable. Applications of this system of laser stabilization include precision laser spectroscopy and interferometric gravity-wave detectors. More... »

PAGES

97-105

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Applied Physics B

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

31

Related Patents

  • Light Pulse Amplification Method
  • Resonant Pumped Short Cavity Fiber Laser
  • Calibration System And Method For Light Modulation Device
  • Optical Pumping Magnetometer
  • Control Device, Control System, Method For Operating A Control System
  • Dual-Frequency Optical Source
  • Apparatus For Measuring Rotation
  • Two-Dimensional Multi-Beam Stabilizer And Combining Systems And Methods
  • Low White Frequency Noise Tunable Semiconductor Laser Source
  • 183 Nm Cw Laser And Inspection System
  • Cavity-Enhanced Frequency Comb Spectroscopy System Employing A Prism Cavity
  • Cavity-Locked Ring Down Spectroscopy
  • Signal Processing Using Spectrally Phase-Encoded Optical Frequency Combs
  • Laser System
  • Low-Noise Rf Oscillation And Optical Comb Generation Based On Nonlinear Optical Resonator
  • Stable Microwave-Frequency Source Based On Cascaded Brillouin Lasers
  • Submillimeter Indirect Heterodyne Receiver And Mixer Element
  • Optical Source With Frequency Locked To An In-Fiber Grating Resonator
  • High Power Continuous Wave Injection-Locked Solid State Laser
  • Apparatus And Method For Stabilizing Lasers Using Dual Etalons
  • Narrow-Linewidth Microcavity Brillouin Laser With Suppressed Temperature Fluctuations
  • 183 Nm Cw Laser And Inspection System
  • Electric-Optic Resonant Phase Modulator
  • Stabilized Microwave-Frequency Source
  • Laser System
  • Phase Noise Measuring Instrument
  • Optical Passive Resonator Gyro With Three Beams
  • Method And Device For Producing A Reference Frequency
  • High-Coherence Semiconductor Light Sources
  • Phase Noise Measuring Device
  • Optical System For Microlithography, As Well As Methods For Position Determination
  • On-Chip Optical Reference Cavity Exhibiting Reduced Resonance Center Frequency Fluctuations
  • Cw Duv Laser With Improved Stability
  • Programmable Frequency Reference For Laser Frequency Stabilization, And Arbitrary Optical Clock Generator, Using Persistent Spectral Hole Burning
  • Testing Device And Method For Testing The Surface Shape Of An Optical Element
  • Resonant Passive Optical Rate Gyro With Three Beams
  • Broadband Optical Phase Detection And Phase Noise Removal With An Optical Resonator
  • Low Noise, High Stability, Deep Ultra-Violet, Continuous Wave Laser
  • Method And Device For Producing A Reference Frequency
  • Method And Radiation Source For Generating Pulsed Coherent Radiation
  • Control Device, Control System, Method For Operating A Control System.
  • Integrated Opto-Electronic Oscillators Having Optical Resonators
  • Laser
  • Apparatus And Method For Stabilizing The Frequency Of Lasers
  • Feed-Back And Feed-Forward Systems And Methods To Reduce Oscillator Phase-Noise
  • Radiation Source Apparatus And Duv Beam Generation Method
  • Metodo Ed Apparato Per Mantenere La Condizione Di Risonanza Simultanea Di Due Campi Elettromagnetici Distinti In Una Cavit√†
  • Optical System For Microlithography, As Well As Methods For Position Determination
  • Light Source Device And Wavelength Conversion Method Using Non-Linear Crystal And A First And Second Optical Path Length Control Mechanism
  • Power Efficient Optical-Frequency Synthesizer
  • Single-Frequency Fiber Amplifier With Distal Cladding Stripper
  • Two-Dimensional Multi-Beam Stabilizer And Combining Systems And Methods
  • Optical Passive Resonator Gyro With Three Beams
  • High-Coherence Semiconductor Light Sources
  • Light Source For A Heterodyne Interferometer
  • Methods And Systems For Frequency Stabilisation Of Multiple Lasers
  • Broadband Optical Phase Detection And Phase Noise Removal With An Optical Resonator
  • Single Mode Single Frequency Laser System With Harmonic Generation
  • System And Method For Displaying Distant 3-D Stereo On A Dome Surface
  • Laser System
  • Sensor Readout Circuit
  • Optical Frequency Self Stabilization In A Coupled Optoelectronic Oscillator
  • Method And Apparatus For Laser Frequency Stabilization
  • Systems And Methods For Laser Frequency Stabilization Using An Arbitrarily Birefringent Resonator
  • Continuous Wave Sodium Beacon Excitation Source
  • System And Method For Tuning Adjusting The Central Frequency Of A Laser While Maintaining Frequency Stabilization To An External Reference
  • Multi-Static And Bistatic Coherent Lidar With Lasers Locked To A Reference
  • Opto-Electronic Oscillators Having Optical Resonators
  • Light Source Device And Method For Converting Wavelength
  • Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy With A Laser Modulation Side-Band Frequency Locked To The Cavity
  • System And Method For Displaying Images In 3-D Stereo
  • Low Noise, High Stability, Deep Ultra-Violet, Continuous Wave Laser
  • System And Method For Displaying A Planar Image On A Curved Surface
  • Frequency Stable Pulsed Laser
  • Programmable Frequency Reference For Laser Frequency Stabilization, And Arbitrary Optical Clock Generator, Using Persistent Spectral Hole Burning
  • Projection Method For Reducing Interpixel Gaps On A Viewing Surface
  • Laser System
  • Extreme Chirped Pulse Amplification And Phase Control
  • Ring Resonant Cavities For Spectroscopy
  • Stabilizing Rf Oscillator Based On Optical Resonator
  • Cw Duv Laser With Improved Stability
  • System And Method For Aligning Rgb Light In A Single Modulator Projector
  • Integrated Pound-Drever-Hall Laser Stabilization System
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00702605

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00702605

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044015878


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0299", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Other Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Glasgow and California Institute of Technology, 91125, Pasadena, CA, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20861.3d", 
              "name": [
                "University of Glasgow and California Institute of Technology, 91125, Pasadena, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Drever", 
            "givenName": "R. W. P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013174350376.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013174350376.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412066.7", 
              "name": [
                "Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hall", 
            "givenName": "J. L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0656542413.28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0656542413.28"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412066.7", 
              "name": [
                "Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kowalski", 
            "givenName": "F. V.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hough", 
            "givenName": "J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01211374104.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01211374104.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ford", 
            "givenName": "G. M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011410503273.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011410503273.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Munley", 
            "givenName": "A. J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012206063673.63", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012206063673.63"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ward", 
            "givenName": "H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015417601577.19", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015417601577.19"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-38804-3_4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021695437", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-38804-3_4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1983-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1983-06-01", 
        "description": "We describe a new and highly effective optical frequency discriminator and laser stabilization system based on signals reflected from a stable Fabry-Perot reference interferometer. High sensitivity for detection of resonance information is achieved by optical heterodyne detection with sidebands produced by rf phase modulation. Physical, optical, and electronic aspects of this discriminator/laser frequency stabilization system are considered in detail. We show that a high-speed domain exists in which the system responds to the phase (rather than frequency) change of the laser; thus with suitable design the servo loop bandwidth is not limited by the cavity response time. We report diagnostic experiments in which a dye laser and gas laser were independently locked to one stable cavity. Because of the precautions employed, the observed sub-100 Hz beat line width shows that the lasers were this stable. Applications of this system of laser stabilization include precision laser spectroscopy and interferometric gravity-wave detectors.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00702605", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1312262", 
            "issn": [
              "0946-2171", 
              "1432-0649"
            ], 
            "name": "Applied Physics B", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "2", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "31"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "laser frequency stabilization system", 
          "interferometric gravity wave detectors", 
          "precision laser spectroscopy", 
          "optical heterodyne detection", 
          "optical frequency discriminator", 
          "laser stabilization system", 
          "gravity-wave detectors", 
          "frequency stabilization system", 
          "rf phase modulation", 
          "laser phase", 
          "optical resonator", 
          "laser stabilization", 
          "gas laser", 
          "laser spectroscopy", 
          "heterodyne detection", 
          "reference interferometer", 
          "frequency stabilization", 
          "dye laser", 
          "phase modulation", 
          "frequency discriminator", 
          "laser", 
          "stable cavity", 
          "line width", 
          "diagnostic experiments", 
          "resonance information", 
          "stabilization system", 
          "electronic aspects", 
          "high-speed domain", 
          "phase change", 
          "interferometer", 
          "sidebands", 
          "high sensitivity", 
          "detector", 
          "resonator", 
          "spectroscopy", 
          "loop bandwidth", 
          "width", 
          "suitable design", 
          "response time", 
          "bandwidth", 
          "cavity", 
          "modulation", 
          "detection", 
          "phase", 
          "system", 
          "signals", 
          "experiments", 
          "discriminator", 
          "detail", 
          "stabilization", 
          "sensitivity", 
          "applications", 
          "time", 
          "domain", 
          "information", 
          "design", 
          "changes", 
          "aspects", 
          "precautions"
        ], 
        "name": "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator", 
        "pagination": "97-105", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1044015878"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00702605"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00702605", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044015878"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:27", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_170.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00702605"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00702605'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00702605'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00702605'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00702605'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    167 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      85 URIs      76 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00702605 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
    2 anzsrc-for:0299
    3 schema:author N19c883a278bc4cc491443d9e9dc28e36
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-38804-3_4
    5 schema:datePublished 1983-06
    6 schema:datePublishedReg 1983-06-01
    7 schema:description We describe a new and highly effective optical frequency discriminator and laser stabilization system based on signals reflected from a stable Fabry-Perot reference interferometer. High sensitivity for detection of resonance information is achieved by optical heterodyne detection with sidebands produced by rf phase modulation. Physical, optical, and electronic aspects of this discriminator/laser frequency stabilization system are considered in detail. We show that a high-speed domain exists in which the system responds to the phase (rather than frequency) change of the laser; thus with suitable design the servo loop bandwidth is not limited by the cavity response time. We report diagnostic experiments in which a dye laser and gas laser were independently locked to one stable cavity. Because of the precautions employed, the observed sub-100 Hz beat line width shows that the lasers were this stable. Applications of this system of laser stabilization include precision laser spectroscopy and interferometric gravity-wave detectors.
    8 schema:genre article
    9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    10 schema:isPartOf Nbd2ee7c487c54e9baff5b53fbf89b1d3
    11 Ne3e1ab3f828f42e097a60f4a12e38620
    12 sg:journal.1312262
    13 schema:keywords applications
    14 aspects
    15 bandwidth
    16 cavity
    17 changes
    18 design
    19 detail
    20 detection
    21 detector
    22 diagnostic experiments
    23 discriminator
    24 domain
    25 dye laser
    26 electronic aspects
    27 experiments
    28 frequency discriminator
    29 frequency stabilization
    30 frequency stabilization system
    31 gas laser
    32 gravity-wave detectors
    33 heterodyne detection
    34 high sensitivity
    35 high-speed domain
    36 information
    37 interferometer
    38 interferometric gravity wave detectors
    39 laser
    40 laser frequency stabilization system
    41 laser phase
    42 laser spectroscopy
    43 laser stabilization
    44 laser stabilization system
    45 line width
    46 loop bandwidth
    47 modulation
    48 optical frequency discriminator
    49 optical heterodyne detection
    50 optical resonator
    51 phase
    52 phase change
    53 phase modulation
    54 precautions
    55 precision laser spectroscopy
    56 reference interferometer
    57 resonance information
    58 resonator
    59 response time
    60 rf phase modulation
    61 sensitivity
    62 sidebands
    63 signals
    64 spectroscopy
    65 stabilization
    66 stabilization system
    67 stable cavity
    68 suitable design
    69 system
    70 time
    71 width
    72 schema:name Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator
    73 schema:pagination 97-105
    74 schema:productId N418d141393c44e3bae9e1283bbd0670c
    75 Na7667ba85e56453893fa527f64fa6c78
    76 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044015878
    77 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00702605
    78 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:27
    79 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    80 schema:sdPublisher N4a0af1061f474c5894723559ad8a564b
    81 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00702605
    82 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    83 sgo:sdDataset articles
    84 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    85 N19c883a278bc4cc491443d9e9dc28e36 rdf:first sg:person.013174350376.76
    86 rdf:rest Nf5ae3936a3934a0b9d83071545f9f845
    87 N2c82635909224702ab41ac7fb9053c8c rdf:first sg:person.015417601577.19
    88 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    89 N418d141393c44e3bae9e1283bbd0670c schema:name dimensions_id
    90 schema:value pub.1044015878
    91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    92 N4a0af1061f474c5894723559ad8a564b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    93 rdf:type schema:Organization
    94 N4ada679f01444879954f825c77cc9dea schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412066.7
    95 schema:familyName Kowalski
    96 schema:givenName F. V.
    97 rdf:type schema:Person
    98 N8be200ea01dd40b2ba4f8d2e00f064d6 rdf:first sg:person.012206063673.63
    99 rdf:rest N2c82635909224702ab41ac7fb9053c8c
    100 Na7667ba85e56453893fa527f64fa6c78 schema:name doi
    101 schema:value 10.1007/bf00702605
    102 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    103 Nbd2ee7c487c54e9baff5b53fbf89b1d3 schema:issueNumber 2
    104 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    105 Nc83791b73fba49d88bc3ddb7acb86b37 rdf:first sg:person.01211374104.77
    106 rdf:rest Ncb99597690a641739ce627bce5d6ca07
    107 Ncb99597690a641739ce627bce5d6ca07 rdf:first sg:person.011410503273.29
    108 rdf:rest N8be200ea01dd40b2ba4f8d2e00f064d6
    109 Nd588a0a7b8dd4d55a304b88d257f1df3 rdf:first N4ada679f01444879954f825c77cc9dea
    110 rdf:rest Nc83791b73fba49d88bc3ddb7acb86b37
    111 Ne3e1ab3f828f42e097a60f4a12e38620 schema:volumeNumber 31
    112 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    113 Nf5ae3936a3934a0b9d83071545f9f845 rdf:first sg:person.0656542413.28
    114 rdf:rest Nd588a0a7b8dd4d55a304b88d257f1df3
    115 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    116 schema:name Physical Sciences
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 anzsrc-for:0299 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    119 schema:name Other Physical Sciences
    120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    121 sg:journal.1312262 schema:issn 0946-2171
    122 1432-0649
    123 schema:name Applied Physics B
    124 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    125 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    126 sg:person.011410503273.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8756.c
    127 schema:familyName Ford
    128 schema:givenName G. M.
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011410503273.29
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 sg:person.01211374104.77 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8756.c
    132 schema:familyName Hough
    133 schema:givenName J.
    134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01211374104.77
    135 rdf:type schema:Person
    136 sg:person.012206063673.63 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8756.c
    137 schema:familyName Munley
    138 schema:givenName A. J.
    139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012206063673.63
    140 rdf:type schema:Person
    141 sg:person.013174350376.76 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.20861.3d
    142 schema:familyName Drever
    143 schema:givenName R. W. P.
    144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013174350376.76
    145 rdf:type schema:Person
    146 sg:person.015417601577.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.8756.c
    147 schema:familyName Ward
    148 schema:givenName H.
    149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015417601577.19
    150 rdf:type schema:Person
    151 sg:person.0656542413.28 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412066.7
    152 schema:familyName Hall
    153 schema:givenName J. L.
    154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0656542413.28
    155 rdf:type schema:Person
    156 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-540-38804-3_4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021695437
    157 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-38804-3_4
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 grid-institutes:grid.20861.3d schema:alternateName University of Glasgow and California Institute of Technology, 91125, Pasadena, CA, USA
    160 schema:name University of Glasgow and California Institute of Technology, 91125, Pasadena, CA, USA
    161 rdf:type schema:Organization
    162 grid-institutes:grid.412066.7 schema:alternateName Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA
    163 schema:name Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, National Bureau of Standards and University of Colorado, 80309, Boulder, CO, USA
    164 rdf:type schema:Organization
    165 grid-institutes:grid.8756.c schema:alternateName Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland
    166 schema:name Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Glasgow, G12800, Glasgow, Scotland
    167 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...