Do morphological properties of interacting galaxies indicate that the latter are topological abelian higgs vorto-sources (vorto-sinks)? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-09

AUTHORS

Metod Saniga

ABSTRACT

We propose an Abelian Higgs model for spiral galaxies in which the latter are treated as topologically stable magneticvorto-sources (-sinks). The model is characterized by the minimum coupling between the electromagnetic vector potential and a scalar, complex-valued Higgs field that results - for an idealized cylindrically symmetric case - in a perpendicular to the galaxy's plane distribution of magnetic field strength whose total flux is a discrete-valued quantity - aninteger multiple of the elementary flux unit. Adopting the hypothesis that spiral arms trace the curves of a constant phase of the Higgs field we demonstrate that, for an ‘almost-everywhere’ divergence-free vector potential, the arms acquire the observationally well-established form of logarithmic spirals whose woundness is here of an ‘electromagnetic’ origin in the sense that it depends on the ratio between the specific volume-divergence of a galaxy and its total magnetic flux. The hypothesis further implies that the number of spiral arms is justtwice as that of magnetic flux quanta a galaxy possesses; the observed preponderance of two-armed spirals then simply reflects the fact that most galaxies carry single flux quantum which is energetically favourable for the vorto-sources (-sinks) whose disk-to-bulge radius ratio ℧ > 1. The latter property also leads to the process of galaxyfragmentation in the sense that a galaxy endowed withp magnetic flux quanta should fission into the topologically equivalent configuration consisting ofp singly-quantized galaxies. A unique possibility to test our model is provided by physically paired galaxies. Considering the simplest configuration consisting of spirals lying in the same plane and having equal in magnitude fluxes and volume-divergences we distinguish four topologically different distributions of the Higgs field phase which fairly well capture observed morphologies exhibited by double galaxies; we find, in particular, that of most frequent occurrence seem to be couples with anti-parallel orientation of magnetic field. Finally, we address the question of the periodicity in the distribution of galaxy redshifts and show that a discrete-valuedness of themass of spiral galaxies resulting from our model may serve as a starting point to solve this puzzling effect. More... »

PAGES

77-98

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1993. The Intrinsic Magnetic Field orientation in NGC4631: Dynamo or Outflow? in THE COSMIC DYNAMO
  • 1978. Galaxies with Long Tails in STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF NEARBY GALAXIES
  • 1988. Magnetic Fields of Galaxies in NONE
  • 1993-07. Inner spiral structure of the galaxy M51 in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00657861

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00657861

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014057312


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