Aerobic and anaerobic contribution to Wingate test performance in sprint and middle-distance runners View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1995-01

AUTHORS

P. Granier, B. Mercier, J. Mercier, F. Anselme, C. Préfaut

ABSTRACT

We investigated the aerobic and anaerobic contributions to performance during the Wingate test in sprint and middle-distance runners and whether they were related to the peak aerobic and anaerobic performances determined by two commonly used tests: the force-velocity test and an incremental aerobic exercise test. A group of 14 male competitive runners participated: 7 sprinters, aged 20.7 (SEM 1.3) years, competing in 50, 100 and 200-m events and 7 middle-distance runners, aged 20.0 (SEM 1.0) years, competing in 800, 1,000 and 1,500 m-events. The oxygen uptake (VO2) was recorded breath-by-breath during the test (30 s) and during the first 20 s of recovery. Blood samples for venous plasma lactate concentrations were drawn at rest before the start of the test and during the 20-min recovery period. During the Wingate test mean power (W) was determined and three values of mechanical efficiency, one individual and two arbitrary, 16% and 25%, were used to calculate the contributions of work by aerobic (Waer,ind,16%,25%) and anaerobic (Wan,ind,16%,25%) processes. Peak anaerobic power (Wan,peak) was estimated by the force-velocity test and maximal aerobic energy expenditure (Waer,peak) was determined during an incremental aerobic exercise test. During the Wingate test, the middle-distance runners had a significantly greater VO2 than the sprinters (P < 0.001), who had significantly greater venous plasma lactate concentrations (P < 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) More... »

PAGES

58-65

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994-09. Effects of 2-chloropropionate on venous plasma lactate concentration and anaerobic power during periods of incremental intensive exercise in humans in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1983-09. Load optimization for the wingate anaerobic test in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1973-09. Kinetics of oxygen uptake and recovery for supramaximal work of short duration in INTERNATIONALE ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ANGEWANDTE PHYSIOLOGIE EINSCHLIESSLICH ARBEITSPHYSIOLOGIE
  • 1985-08. All out anaerobic capacity tests on cycle ergometers in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1989-07. Maximal mechanical power output and capacity of cyclists and young adults in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1993-09. Anaerobic and aerobic components during arm-crank exercise in sprint and middle-distance swimmers in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00601809

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00601809

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048680928

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7729439


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    52 schema:description We investigated the aerobic and anaerobic contributions to performance during the Wingate test in sprint and middle-distance runners and whether they were related to the peak aerobic and anaerobic performances determined by two commonly used tests: the force-velocity test and an incremental aerobic exercise test. A group of 14 male competitive runners participated: 7 sprinters, aged 20.7 (SEM 1.3) years, competing in 50, 100 and 200-m events and 7 middle-distance runners, aged 20.0 (SEM 1.0) years, competing in 800, 1,000 and 1,500 m-events. The oxygen uptake (VO2) was recorded breath-by-breath during the test (30 s) and during the first 20 s of recovery. Blood samples for venous plasma lactate concentrations were drawn at rest before the start of the test and during the 20-min recovery period. During the Wingate test mean power (W) was determined and three values of mechanical efficiency, one individual and two arbitrary, 16% and 25%, were used to calculate the contributions of work by aerobic (Waer,ind,16%,25%) and anaerobic (Wan,ind,16%,25%) processes. Peak anaerobic power (Wan,peak) was estimated by the force-velocity test and maximal aerobic energy expenditure (Waer,peak) was determined during an incremental aerobic exercise test. During the Wingate test, the middle-distance runners had a significantly greater VO2 than the sprinters (P < 0.001), who had significantly greater venous plasma lactate concentrations (P < 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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