Some factors influencing the formation of reaction-bonded silicon nitride View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1993-01-01

AUTHORS

R. G. Pigeon, A. Varma, A. E. Miller

ABSTRACT

Several salient factors influencing the formation of reaction-bonded silicon nitride (RBSN) compacts have been studied. These include the effects of mullite and alumina furnace tubes typically employed during “high-purity” nitridation studies, pre-sintering of green silicon compacts, free powder versus compact nitridation, and the influence of metal/metal oxide additions. The latter studies have provided experimental evidence for enhancement due to dissociated nitrogen, and suggest that (1) β-Si3N4 formation does not necessarily require a liquid phase, (2) atomic nitrogen stimulates β-phase formation, and (3) the liquid phase provides an efficient source for volatile silicon, promoting α-Si3N4. These conclusions are consistent with accepted mechanisms for the formation of the two phases. More... »

PAGES

1919-1936

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00595765

    DOI

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    45 schema:description Several salient factors influencing the formation of reaction-bonded silicon nitride (RBSN) compacts have been studied. These include the effects of mullite and alumina furnace tubes typically employed during “high-purity” nitridation studies, pre-sintering of green silicon compacts, free powder versus compact nitridation, and the influence of metal/metal oxide additions. The latter studies have provided experimental evidence for enhancement due to dissociated nitrogen, and suggest that (1) β-Si3N4 formation does not necessarily require a liquid phase, (2) atomic nitrogen stimulates β-phase formation, and (3) the liquid phase provides an efficient source for volatile silicon, promoting α-Si3N4. These conclusions are consistent with accepted mechanisms for the formation of the two phases.
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