The comparison of RFLP, RAPD, AFLP and SSR (microsatellite) markers for germplasm analysis View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1996-09

AUTHORS

Wayne Powell, Michele Morgante, Chaz Andre, Michael Hanafey, Julie Vogel, Scott Tingey, Antoni Rafalski

ABSTRACT

The utility of RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism), RAPD (random-amplified polymorphic DNA), AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) and SSR (simple sequence repeat, microsatellite) markers in soybean germplasm analysis was determined by evaluating information content (expected heterozygosity), number of loci simultaneously analyzed per experiment (multiplex ratio) and effectiveness in assessing relationships between accessions. SSR markers have the highest expected heterozygosity (0.60), while AFLP markers have the highest effective multiplex ratio (19). A single parameter, defined as the marker index, which is the product of expected heterozygosity and multiplex ratio, may be used to evaluate overall utility of a marker system. A comparison of genetic similarity matrices revealed that, if the comparison involved both cultivated (Glycine max) and wild soybean (Glycine soja) accessions, estimates based on RFLPs, AFLPs and SSRs are highly correlated, indicating congruence between these assays. However, correlations of RAPD marker data with those obtained using other marker systems were lower. This is because RAPDs produce higher estimates of interspecific similarities. If the comparisons involvedG. max only, then overall correlations between marker systems are significantly lower. WithinG. max, RAPD and AFLP similarity estimates are more closely correlated than those involving other marker systems. More... »

PAGES

225-238

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994-03. Comparison of RAPD and RFLP genetic markers in determining genetic similarity among Brassica oleracea L. genotypes in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1993-10. Abundance, polymorphism and genetic mapping of microsatellites in rice in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1993-10. Comparison of allozyme, RFLP, and RAPD markers for revealing genetic variation within and between trembling aspen and bigtooth aspen in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1986-08. Cryptic simplicity in DNA is a major source of genetic variation in NATURE
  • 1994-03. Comparative analysis of microsatellite DNA polymorphism in landraces and cultivars of rice in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1983-11. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms in genetic improvement: methodologies, mapping and costs in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1993-09. Microsatellite repeats in grapevine reveal DNA polymorphisms when analysed as sequence-tagged sites (STSs) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY MANUAL
  • 1991-06-01. DNA Amplification Fingerprinting Using Very Short Arbitrary Oligonucleotide Primers in BIO/TECHNOLOGY
  • 1994-03. High resolution of human evolutionary trees with polymorphic microsatellites in NATURE
  • 1994-04. Evaluation of RFLP and RAPD markers in a comparison of Brassica napus breeding lines in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994-09. DNA typing of grapevines: A universal methodology and database for describing cultivars and evaluating genetic relatedness in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1987-07. The relationship between the concepts of genetic diversity and differentiation in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1970-08. Isozyme polymorphisms in natural populations of Avena fatua and A. barbata in HEREDITY
  • 1990-12. Similarities among a group of elite maize inbreds as measured by pedigree, F1 grain yield, grain yield, heterosis, and RFLPs in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994-09. Comparison of RFLP and RAPD markers to estimating genetic relationships within and among cruciferous species in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1994. Nuclear DNA markers in systematics and evolution in DNA-BASED MARKERS IN PLANTS
  • 1995-01. The use of microsatellite DNA markers for soybean genotype identification in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00564200

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