Skeletal muscle cell populations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1987-01

AUTHORS

Z. Yablonka-Reuveni, M. Nameroff

ABSTRACT

Cell suspensions from the breast muscles of 10-day old chicken embryos were separated into non-myogenic, fibroblast-like cell fractions and a mononucleated, myogenic cell fraction by Percoll density centrifugation. Isolated populations were characterized by their morphology in both mass cultures and individual macroscopic clones and by the immunocytochemical detection of skeletal muscle- and smooth muscle-specific proteins in individual cells. Cell populations were also characterized by their protein patterns using sodium dodecyl sulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The less dense, non-myogenic cells comprised 16% of the cells. In culture they were predominantly flattened, stellate cells and gave rise to clones lacking myotubes. These fibroblast-like cells were negative for skeletal muscle myosin or muscle type creatine phosphokinase. Less than 0.1% of these cells demonstrated strong fluorescence when stained with anti-desmin or anti-smooth muscle specific actin. This observation suggested that the vast majority of these cells were not related to vascular smooth muscle cells. Also, over 99% of the non-myogenic cells did not display characteristic properties of endothelial cells. The denser myogenic cell fraction comprised over 80% of the cells and in clonal cultures gave rise to about 70% myogenic clones. An additional 30% of clones from this fraction were non-myogenic indicating heterogeneity in this population. We conclude that Percoll centrifugation can be employed for the isolation of myogenic and non-myogenic cell populations directly from the embryonic muscle. Moreover, this procedure allows the direct analysis of cell-specific proteins (e.g., by gel electrophoresis) without the need for cell culturing. The results thus obtained closely reflect the status of the cells in the intact muscle. More... »

PAGES

27-38

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00518721

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00518721

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3038797


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