Attenuation of intravenous amphetamine reinforcement by central dopamine blockade in rats View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-01

AUTHORS

Robert A. Yokel, Roy A. Wise

ABSTRACT

Norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) receptor blockade differentially affected amphetamine self-administration. DA blockade (pimozide, 0.0625 to 0.5 mg/kg, or (+)-butaclamol, 0.0125 to 0.1 mg/kg) caused periods of increased rate of responding for amphetamine which were followed, in the case of higher doses, by response cessation. The response cessation produced by 0.5 mg/kg pimozide was not reversed by non-contingent amphetamine injections until well after the peak effect of the pimozide was over. When access to amphetamine injections was delayed until 4 h after animals received 0.5 mg/kg pimozide, rate of responding was elevated. Thus DA seems to be critically involved in mediation of the reinforcing effects of amphetamine. Alpha-NE blockade with phentolamine (2.5-10 mg/kg) produced dose-related decreases in responding; blockade with phenoxybenzamine (1.25-10 mg/kg) had no effect. Beta-NE blockade with l-propranolol (2.5-10 mg/kg) decreased responding, although probably not through a beta-blocking action. The effects of phentolamine and propranolol do not appear to result from attenuation of the reinforcing effects of amphetamine. More... »

PAGES

311-318

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00496868

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00496868

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016726915

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/823588


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