Dose-dependent and baseline-dependent conditioning with d-amphetamine in the place conditioning paradigm View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1989-10

AUTHORS

N. L. Costello, J. N. Carlson, S. D. Glick, M. Bryda

ABSTRACT

The place conditioning paradigm was used to evaluate the positively reinforcing effects of d-amphetamine. During conditioning, female rats were injected (IP) with saline or one of five doses (0.625-5 mg/kg) of d-amphetamine (d-A) and confined to the initially non-preferred side of the testing apparatus. The highest dose of d-A failed to produce a significant preference. The four middle doses of the drug induced a similar preference. A significant increase from baseline was observed on the 4th post-conditioning test day in the five drug groups and controls when given an injection of 1.5 mg/kg d-A 15 min prior to placement in the chamber. Control and drug groups were separated into high and low initial preference sub-groups. Place preferences were more readily induced by d-A in the subgroups with initially high baseline preferences. These findings as well as those of others led us to conclude that the place conditioning paradigm is a somewhat problematic way of measuring drug reinforcement and that the effects observed may not solely be the result of the conditioning of the drug's reinforcing properties to a particular environment. More... »

PAGES

244-247

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00442816

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00442816

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020809957

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2508162


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