Standardized ultrasound examination for evaluation of instability of the acromioclavicular joint View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-04

AUTHORS

H. -J. Kock, C. Jürgens, H. Hirche, J. Hanke, K. P. Schmit-Neuerburg

ABSTRACT

Anteroposterior X-ray views of both acromioclavicular (AC) joints with 10-kg weights held in each hand are the generally accepted procedure for diagnosis of Tossy I–III grades of AC joint separation. An analogous diagnosis can be made by standardized ultrasound examination. Ten individuals with Tossy-I, 11 with Tossy-II and 8 with Tossy-III instability were examined both radiographically and by B-mode ultrasound. The degree of AC joint separation was uniformly determined on the basis of a calculated index (AC Index = AC joint width of uninjured side/AC joint width of injured side). The mean AC Index for Tossy-I instability determined by ultrasound was 1.0; mean indices of 0.49 and 0.5 were determined for Tossy-II injury by ultrasound and X-ray, respectively, and of 0.21 and 0.2, respectively, for Tossy-III instability. Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the mean AC indices of all three groups (P < 0.0001). We conclude that the reliability of ultrasound examination of AC joint instability is equal to that of radiographic measurement. Standard X-rays of the shoulder remain mandatory only to exclude fracture. The indication for operative stabilization of the AC joint can be established on the basis of the grade of AC joint instability measured by the side-effect-free and cost-effective method of ultrasound examination (AC Index < 0.3 equivalent to Tossy-III instability). More... »

PAGES

136-140

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1993. Langzeitergebnisse nach Schultereckgelenkstabilisierung mit der Balser-Platte in UNFALL- UND WIEDERHERSTELLUNGSCHIRURGIE DES SCHULTERGÜRTELS
  • 1994-03. Standardisierte sonographische Untersuchung zur Klassifizierung der Instabilität des Schultereckgelenkes in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRAUMA AND EMERGENCY SURGERY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00434540

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00434540

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008157963

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8861577


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Acromioclavicular Joint", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Joint Instability", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Male", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Predictive Value of Tests", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Radiography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Reference Standards", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Ultrasonography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5718.b", 
              "name": [
                "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kock", 
            "givenName": "H. -J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01332055376.47", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01332055376.47"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5718.b", 
              "name": [
                "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "J\u00fcrgens", 
            "givenName": "C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01237753222.40", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237753222.40"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut f\u00fcr medizinische Informatik, Biometric und Epidemiologie, Essen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Institut f\u00fcr medizinische Informatik, Biometric und Epidemiologie, Essen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hirche", 
            "givenName": "H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0612211503.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612211503.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5718.b", 
              "name": [
                "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hanke", 
            "givenName": "J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01041274474.93", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01041274474.93"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5718.b", 
              "name": [
                "Abteilung f\u00fcr Unfallchirurgie, Universit\u00e4tsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Schmit-Neuerburg", 
            "givenName": "K. P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0107333206.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0107333206.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02588145", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013046522", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02588145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-77917-6_25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089502303", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-77917-6_25"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1996-04", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1996-04-01", 
        "description": "Anteroposterior X-ray views of both acromioclavicular (AC) joints with 10-kg weights held in each hand are the generally accepted procedure for diagnosis of Tossy I\u2013III grades of AC joint separation. An analogous diagnosis can be made by standardized ultrasound examination. Ten individuals with Tossy-I, 11 with Tossy-II and 8 with Tossy-III instability were examined both radiographically and by B-mode ultrasound. The degree of AC joint separation was uniformly determined on the basis of a calculated index (AC Index = AC joint width of uninjured side/AC joint width of injured side). The mean AC Index for Tossy-I instability determined by ultrasound was 1.0; mean indices of 0.49 and 0.5 were determined for Tossy-II injury by ultrasound and X-ray, respectively, and of 0.21 and 0.2, respectively, for Tossy-III instability. Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the mean AC indices of all three groups (P < 0.0001). We conclude that the reliability of ultrasound examination of AC joint instability is equal to that of radiographic measurement. Standard X-rays of the shoulder remain mandatory only to exclude fracture. The indication for operative stabilization of the AC joint can be established on the basis of the grade of AC joint instability measured by the side-effect-free and cost-effective method of ultrasound examination (AC Index < 0.3 equivalent to Tossy-III instability).", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00434540", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1087582", 
            "issn": [
              "0936-8051", 
              "1434-3916"
            ], 
            "name": "Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3-4", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "115"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "joint separation", 
          "cost-effective method", 
          "joints", 
          "AC joint separations", 
          "instability", 
          "separation", 
          "AC joint instability", 
          "AC joint", 
          "reliability", 
          "measurements", 
          "fractures", 
          "acromioclavicular joint", 
          "method", 
          "rays", 
          "joint instability", 
          "stabilization", 
          "ultrasound", 
          "mode ultrasound", 
          "basis", 
          "procedure", 
          "analysis", 
          "index", 
          "degree", 
          "evaluation of instability", 
          "evaluation", 
          "hand", 
          "grade", 
          "AC indices", 
          "statistical analysis", 
          "weight", 
          "view", 
          "shoulder", 
          "anteroposterior X", 
          "differences", 
          "radiographic measurements", 
          "operative stabilization", 
          "ray views", 
          "standardized ultrasound examination", 
          "ultrasound examination", 
          "examination", 
          "indications", 
          "significant differences", 
          "Tossy", 
          "diagnosis", 
          "group", 
          "injury", 
          "individuals"
        ], 
        "name": "Standardized ultrasound examination for evaluation of instability of the acromioclavicular joint", 
        "pagination": "136-140", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1008157963"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00434540"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8861577"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00434540", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008157963"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-10T09:49", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220509/entities/gbq_results/article/article_270.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00434540"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00434540'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00434540'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00434540'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00434540'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    184 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      85 URIs      75 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00434540 schema:about N0656d232a1664fbf93f93d91bf66bd33
    2 N26fcb58541eb4fab9b0134e7afe9c23a
    3 N319435ac939e4fa2b3201f6882dc3873
    4 N5641d52f76d74b6d9d433d2582896b43
    5 N62e635e4c8d648579976ebe07cc1b672
    6 N96a63dc7e92048ff94c60b82747bf291
    7 Nab84d69d34784810ae60dee2fef8cf81
    8 Nad8a0a53af194dda9035e98d8855fbc3
    9 Nc6a6d6aaa84345af96960311bf79e0f9
    10 anzsrc-for:11
    11 anzsrc-for:1103
    12 schema:author N7dd1307f61d94bf9822c21e1d255a81a
    13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-77917-6_25
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02588145
    15 schema:datePublished 1996-04
    16 schema:datePublishedReg 1996-04-01
    17 schema:description Anteroposterior X-ray views of both acromioclavicular (AC) joints with 10-kg weights held in each hand are the generally accepted procedure for diagnosis of Tossy I–III grades of AC joint separation. An analogous diagnosis can be made by standardized ultrasound examination. Ten individuals with Tossy-I, 11 with Tossy-II and 8 with Tossy-III instability were examined both radiographically and by B-mode ultrasound. The degree of AC joint separation was uniformly determined on the basis of a calculated index (AC Index = AC joint width of uninjured side/AC joint width of injured side). The mean AC Index for Tossy-I instability determined by ultrasound was 1.0; mean indices of 0.49 and 0.5 were determined for Tossy-II injury by ultrasound and X-ray, respectively, and of 0.21 and 0.2, respectively, for Tossy-III instability. Statistical analysis showed significant differences between the mean AC indices of all three groups (P < 0.0001). We conclude that the reliability of ultrasound examination of AC joint instability is equal to that of radiographic measurement. Standard X-rays of the shoulder remain mandatory only to exclude fracture. The indication for operative stabilization of the AC joint can be established on the basis of the grade of AC joint instability measured by the side-effect-free and cost-effective method of ultrasound examination (AC Index < 0.3 equivalent to Tossy-III instability).
    18 schema:genre article
    19 schema:inLanguage en
    20 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    21 schema:isPartOf Ndcb3ca066b1c4b4aacacb0d784e3a924
    22 Ne9c699e3462341f5b63ad50d27d5c2b4
    23 sg:journal.1087582
    24 schema:keywords AC indices
    25 AC joint
    26 AC joint instability
    27 AC joint separations
    28 Tossy
    29 acromioclavicular joint
    30 analysis
    31 anteroposterior X
    32 basis
    33 cost-effective method
    34 degree
    35 diagnosis
    36 differences
    37 evaluation
    38 evaluation of instability
    39 examination
    40 fractures
    41 grade
    42 group
    43 hand
    44 index
    45 indications
    46 individuals
    47 injury
    48 instability
    49 joint instability
    50 joint separation
    51 joints
    52 measurements
    53 method
    54 mode ultrasound
    55 operative stabilization
    56 procedure
    57 radiographic measurements
    58 ray views
    59 rays
    60 reliability
    61 separation
    62 shoulder
    63 significant differences
    64 stabilization
    65 standardized ultrasound examination
    66 statistical analysis
    67 ultrasound
    68 ultrasound examination
    69 view
    70 weight
    71 schema:name Standardized ultrasound examination for evaluation of instability of the acromioclavicular joint
    72 schema:pagination 136-140
    73 schema:productId N2d058d94e81c44ce9a5cd6af1056f56d
    74 Nc217351c7ab44b0483819f75ddae6708
    75 Ncd79ea6680004acfa7f4731b253a5cd0
    76 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008157963
    77 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00434540
    78 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-10T09:49
    79 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    80 schema:sdPublisher N4d69bf9d614f41eb8ae3de52103c8944
    81 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00434540
    82 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    83 sgo:sdDataset articles
    84 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    85 N0656d232a1664fbf93f93d91bf66bd33 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    86 schema:name Reference Standards
    87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    88 N15eb06c990254f0b931e5f74cd91644d rdf:first sg:person.01237753222.40
    89 rdf:rest Nf3f8b8e98cd8429e98bd00b1d51b1f21
    90 N26fcb58541eb4fab9b0134e7afe9c23a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    91 schema:name Ultrasonography
    92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    93 N2d058d94e81c44ce9a5cd6af1056f56d schema:name pubmed_id
    94 schema:value 8861577
    95 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    96 N319435ac939e4fa2b3201f6882dc3873 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    97 schema:name Humans
    98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    99 N4d69bf9d614f41eb8ae3de52103c8944 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    100 rdf:type schema:Organization
    101 N5641d52f76d74b6d9d433d2582896b43 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    102 schema:name Predictive Value of Tests
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 N62e635e4c8d648579976ebe07cc1b672 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    105 schema:name Male
    106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    107 N7dd1307f61d94bf9822c21e1d255a81a rdf:first sg:person.01332055376.47
    108 rdf:rest N15eb06c990254f0b931e5f74cd91644d
    109 N96a63dc7e92048ff94c60b82747bf291 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Joint Instability
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 Nab84d69d34784810ae60dee2fef8cf81 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    113 schema:name Radiography
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 Nad8a0a53af194dda9035e98d8855fbc3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    116 schema:name Acromioclavicular Joint
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 Nc217351c7ab44b0483819f75ddae6708 schema:name doi
    119 schema:value 10.1007/bf00434540
    120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    121 Nc5f818209d9c458ab73b785d5cee24af rdf:first sg:person.0107333206.31
    122 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    123 Nc6a6d6aaa84345af96960311bf79e0f9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    124 schema:name Female
    125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    126 Ncd79ea6680004acfa7f4731b253a5cd0 schema:name dimensions_id
    127 schema:value pub.1008157963
    128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    129 Ndcb3ca066b1c4b4aacacb0d784e3a924 schema:volumeNumber 115
    130 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    131 Ne9c699e3462341f5b63ad50d27d5c2b4 schema:issueNumber 3-4
    132 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    133 Nf0bf0293ce9345d2ba2469ab65f46be4 rdf:first sg:person.01041274474.93
    134 rdf:rest Nc5f818209d9c458ab73b785d5cee24af
    135 Nf3f8b8e98cd8429e98bd00b1d51b1f21 rdf:first sg:person.0612211503.41
    136 rdf:rest Nf0bf0293ce9345d2ba2469ab65f46be4
    137 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    138 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    140 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    141 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    143 sg:journal.1087582 schema:issn 0936-8051
    144 1434-3916
    145 schema:name Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
    146 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    147 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    148 sg:person.01041274474.93 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5718.b
    149 schema:familyName Hanke
    150 schema:givenName J.
    151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01041274474.93
    152 rdf:type schema:Person
    153 sg:person.0107333206.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5718.b
    154 schema:familyName Schmit-Neuerburg
    155 schema:givenName K. P.
    156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0107333206.31
    157 rdf:type schema:Person
    158 sg:person.01237753222.40 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5718.b
    159 schema:familyName Jürgens
    160 schema:givenName C.
    161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01237753222.40
    162 rdf:type schema:Person
    163 sg:person.01332055376.47 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.5718.b
    164 schema:familyName Kock
    165 schema:givenName H. -J.
    166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01332055376.47
    167 rdf:type schema:Person
    168 sg:person.0612211503.41 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    169 schema:familyName Hirche
    170 schema:givenName H.
    171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612211503.41
    172 rdf:type schema:Person
    173 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-77917-6_25 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089502303
    174 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-77917-6_25
    175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    176 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02588145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013046522
    177 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02588145
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Institut für medizinische Informatik, Biometric und Epidemiologie, Essen, Germany
    180 schema:name Institut für medizinische Informatik, Biometric und Epidemiologie, Essen, Germany
    181 rdf:type schema:Organization
    182 grid-institutes:grid.5718.b schema:alternateName Abteilung für Unfallchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany
    183 schema:name Abteilung für Unfallchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum GHS Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, D-45122, Essen, Germany
    184 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...