Ionic currents in cardiac excitation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1964-03

AUTHORS

K. A. Deck, W. Trautwein

ABSTRACT

In short Purkinje fibres net membrane currents during voltage-clamps were measured. For technical reasons current measurement was not possible within the first 10 msec after the onset of clamping. Potassium current was determined as the current flowing in sodium free solution (choline-Tyrode). Sodium current was found by subtraction of the potassium currents from the current flowing in Tyrode solution.Potassium current depends on both the membrane potential and the time. The current voltage relationship shows “anomalous rectification”. In the range from −40 mV to +30 mV the current is larger earlier than later during the clamp. Only on depolarisation beyond +20 mV a small increase of gK was sometimes seen after 200 msec when depolarisation was maintained.Potassium conductance falls on depolarization to 1/3 to 1/2 of resting conductance. In the range from −60 mV to +20 mV conductance is larger early than later during a depolarizing clamp.Sodium current increases on depolarization, the maximum being at about −20 mV. With further depolarization sodium current falls and becomes zero between +30 and +45 mV. Sodium current declines during depolarizing clamps with a time constant in the order of 100 msec. Sodium conductance increases with depolarization and falls during the clamp.Resting sodium conductance was found to be 0.024±0.006 mmho/cm2, resting potassium conductance was determined as 0.45±0.1 mmho/cm2.When after a depolarization membrane potential is clamped back to the resting potential positive current flows which declines within 300 to 500 msec. This current reverses its polarity at about −100 mV. It is assumed that the current is due to an increase of potassium conductance which is brought about by repolarization to at least −40 mV. The results are discussed in relation to the plateau and repolarization of the action potential as well as to the pacemaker potential. More... »

PAGES

63-80

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1963-01. Zwei Komponenten des Aktionspotential-Anstiegs beim Froschmyokard in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1963-01. „Voltageclamp“-Experimente an Herzmuskelfasern in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-03. Prolonged action potentials and regenerative hyperpolarizing responses in Purkinje fibers of mammalian heart in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-11. Rectifying Properties of Heart Muscle in NATURE
  • 1960-12. CHANGES IN POLARISATION RESISTANCE DURING THE REPOLARISATION PHASE OF THE RABBIT VENTRICULAR ACTION POTENTIAL in IMMUNOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • 1958-11. Der Mechanismus der automatischen rhythmischen Impulsbildung der Herzmuskelfaser in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1964-03. Voltage clamp technique in mammalian cardiac fibres in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-01. Versuche mit Aconitin zum Problem der spontanen Erregungsbildung im Herzen in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025915588

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14251606


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