Ionic currents in cardiac excitation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1964-03

AUTHORS

K. A. Deck, W. Trautwein

ABSTRACT

In short Purkinje fibres net membrane currents during voltage-clamps were measured. For technical reasons current measurement was not possible within the first 10 msec after the onset of clamping. Potassium current was determined as the current flowing in sodium free solution (choline-Tyrode). Sodium current was found by subtraction of the potassium currents from the current flowing in Tyrode solution.Potassium current depends on both the membrane potential and the time. The current voltage relationship shows “anomalous rectification”. In the range from −40 mV to +30 mV the current is larger earlier than later during the clamp. Only on depolarisation beyond +20 mV a small increase of gK was sometimes seen after 200 msec when depolarisation was maintained.Potassium conductance falls on depolarization to 1/3 to 1/2 of resting conductance. In the range from −60 mV to +20 mV conductance is larger early than later during a depolarizing clamp.Sodium current increases on depolarization, the maximum being at about −20 mV. With further depolarization sodium current falls and becomes zero between +30 and +45 mV. Sodium current declines during depolarizing clamps with a time constant in the order of 100 msec. Sodium conductance increases with depolarization and falls during the clamp.Resting sodium conductance was found to be 0.024±0.006 mmho/cm2, resting potassium conductance was determined as 0.45±0.1 mmho/cm2.When after a depolarization membrane potential is clamped back to the resting potential positive current flows which declines within 300 to 500 msec. This current reverses its polarity at about −100 mV. It is assumed that the current is due to an increase of potassium conductance which is brought about by repolarization to at least −40 mV. The results are discussed in relation to the plateau and repolarization of the action potential as well as to the pacemaker potential. More... »

PAGES

63-80

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1963-01. Zwei Komponenten des Aktionspotential-Anstiegs beim Froschmyokard in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1963-01. „Voltageclamp“-Experimente an Herzmuskelfasern in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-03. Prolonged action potentials and regenerative hyperpolarizing responses in Purkinje fibers of mammalian heart in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-11. Rectifying Properties of Heart Muscle in NATURE
  • 1960-12. CHANGES IN POLARISATION RESISTANCE DURING THE REPOLARISATION PHASE OF THE RABBIT VENTRICULAR ACTION POTENTIAL in IMMUNOLOGY AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • 1958-11. Der Mechanismus der automatischen rhythmischen Impulsbildung der Herzmuskelfaser in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1964-03. Voltage clamp technique in mammalian cardiac fibres in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1960-01. Versuche mit Aconitin zum Problem der spontanen Erregungsbildung im Herzen in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025915588

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14251606


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1116", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical Physiology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Electrophysiology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Heart", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Heart Conduction System", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Myocardium", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Purkinje Cells", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Research", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sheep", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sheep, Domestic", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Aus dem Institut f\u00fcr Allgemeine Physiologie der Universit\u00e4t Heidelberg, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Aus dem Institut f\u00fcr Allgemeine Physiologie der Universit\u00e4t Heidelberg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Deck", 
            "givenName": "K. A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0112413612.74", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0112413612.74"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Aus dem Institut f\u00fcr Allgemeine Physiologie der Universit\u00e4t Heidelberg, Germany", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "Aus dem Institut f\u00fcr Allgemeine Physiologie der Universit\u00e4t Heidelberg, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Trautwein", 
            "givenName": "W.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01010003233.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010003233.11"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362959", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003154120", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00362959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/188495a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017012211", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/188495a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672495", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044086610", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00672495"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00412615", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051590079", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412615"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672497", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029540046", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00672497"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00420020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033015129", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00420020"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/icb.1960.56", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023574428", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/icb.1960.56"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362094", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026567532", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00362094"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1964-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1964-03-01", 
        "description": "In short Purkinje fibres net membrane currents during voltage-clamps were measured. For technical reasons current measurement was not possible within the first 10 msec after the onset of clamping. Potassium current was determined as the current flowing in sodium free solution (choline-Tyrode). Sodium current was found by subtraction of the potassium currents from the current flowing in Tyrode solution.Potassium current depends on both the membrane potential and the time. The current voltage relationship shows \u201canomalous rectification\u201d. In the range from \u221240 mV to +30 mV the current is larger earlier than later during the clamp. Only on depolarisation beyond +20 mV a small increase of gK was sometimes seen after 200 msec when depolarisation was maintained.Potassium conductance falls on depolarization to 1/3 to 1/2 of resting conductance. In the range from \u221260 mV to +20 mV conductance is larger early than later during a depolarizing clamp.Sodium current increases on depolarization, the maximum being at about \u221220 mV. With further depolarization sodium current falls and becomes zero between +30 and +45 mV. Sodium current declines during depolarizing clamps with a time constant in the order of 100 msec. Sodium conductance increases with depolarization and falls during the clamp.Resting sodium conductance was found to be 0.024\u00b10.006 mmho/cm2, resting potassium conductance was determined as 0.45\u00b10.1 mmho/cm2.When after a depolarization membrane potential is clamped back to the resting potential positive current flows which declines within 300 to 500 msec. This current reverses its polarity at about \u2212100 mV. It is assumed that the current is due to an increase of potassium conductance which is brought about by repolarization to at least \u221240 mV. The results are discussed in relation to the plateau and repolarization of the action potential as well as to the pacemaker potential.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00412616", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1005222", 
            "issn": [
              "0031-6768", 
              "1432-2013"
            ], 
            "name": "Pfl\u00fcgers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "280"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "membrane potential", 
          "potassium current", 
          "current decline", 
          "sodium conductance", 
          "potassium conductance", 
          "conductance", 
          "depolarization", 
          "membrane currents", 
          "sodium current", 
          "depolarisation", 
          "mmhos/", 
          "potential", 
          "current-voltage relationship", 
          "clamp", 
          "polarity", 
          "ionic currents", 
          "small increase", 
          "increase", 
          "decline", 
          "pacemaker potentials", 
          "cardiac excitation", 
          "Purkinje", 
          "sodium-free solution", 
          "free solution", 
          "range", 
          "action potentials", 
          "current measurements", 
          "current flowing", 
          "voltage relationship", 
          "relationship", 
          "current increases", 
          "positive current flows", 
          "current flow", 
          "repolarization", 
          "plateau", 
          "current", 
          "time", 
          "results", 
          "onset", 
          "flowing", 
          "anomalous rectification", 
          "mV", 
          "maximum", 
          "sodium", 
          "solution", 
          "rectification", 
          "order", 
          "cm2", 
          "flow", 
          "relation", 
          "measurements", 
          "excitation", 
          "clamping", 
          "subtraction", 
          "Tyrode's solution", 
          "mmho/cm2", 
          "net membrane currents", 
          "msec"
        ], 
        "name": "Ionic currents in cardiac excitation", 
        "pagination": "63-80", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1025915588"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf00412616"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "14251606"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025915588"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-08-04T16:48", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220804/entities/gbq_results/article/article_104.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412616'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    194 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      101 URIs      85 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00412616 schema:about N409b0798c6e644cdbe6168acce881e60
    2 N46c1d9e38fb8437bbc2b79a5fba9f4b6
    3 N67e1a33b4a5b4302bd63b9ccf36e4635
    4 N7122a192d6d142c2bcad327746175704
    5 N82889cd863a940ed89146ddfb08aa427
    6 N90dae4280fd14a20ac333db0dbbd7737
    7 Nb3baa94c67d54ff1b0c7a0c0b415aa99
    8 Nc183b3d3cf0744699d4ad4d410ca2a79
    9 Nc1b83d889e7447099d8e6d635a8d1003
    10 anzsrc-for:11
    11 anzsrc-for:1116
    12 schema:author N29926e7da14d4f129ec39c6fd1163fa3
    13 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362094
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362959
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00412615
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00420020
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672495
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672497
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/188495a0
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/icb.1960.56
    21 schema:datePublished 1964-03
    22 schema:datePublishedReg 1964-03-01
    23 schema:description In short Purkinje fibres net membrane currents during voltage-clamps were measured. For technical reasons current measurement was not possible within the first 10 msec after the onset of clamping. Potassium current was determined as the current flowing in sodium free solution (choline-Tyrode). Sodium current was found by subtraction of the potassium currents from the current flowing in Tyrode solution.Potassium current depends on both the membrane potential and the time. The current voltage relationship shows “anomalous rectification”. In the range from −40 mV to +30 mV the current is larger earlier than later during the clamp. Only on depolarisation beyond +20 mV a small increase of gK was sometimes seen after 200 msec when depolarisation was maintained.Potassium conductance falls on depolarization to 1/3 to 1/2 of resting conductance. In the range from −60 mV to +20 mV conductance is larger early than later during a depolarizing clamp.Sodium current increases on depolarization, the maximum being at about −20 mV. With further depolarization sodium current falls and becomes zero between +30 and +45 mV. Sodium current declines during depolarizing clamps with a time constant in the order of 100 msec. Sodium conductance increases with depolarization and falls during the clamp.Resting sodium conductance was found to be 0.024±0.006 mmho/cm2, resting potassium conductance was determined as 0.45±0.1 mmho/cm2.When after a depolarization membrane potential is clamped back to the resting potential positive current flows which declines within 300 to 500 msec. This current reverses its polarity at about −100 mV. It is assumed that the current is due to an increase of potassium conductance which is brought about by repolarization to at least −40 mV. The results are discussed in relation to the plateau and repolarization of the action potential as well as to the pacemaker potential.
    24 schema:genre article
    25 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    26 schema:isPartOf N57812d9589b04fcf889a9c7d20148af3
    27 Ne99832410b03439eb91fdae62b1394f9
    28 sg:journal.1005222
    29 schema:keywords Purkinje
    30 Tyrode's solution
    31 action potentials
    32 anomalous rectification
    33 cardiac excitation
    34 clamp
    35 clamping
    36 cm2
    37 conductance
    38 current
    39 current decline
    40 current flow
    41 current flowing
    42 current increases
    43 current measurements
    44 current-voltage relationship
    45 decline
    46 depolarisation
    47 depolarization
    48 excitation
    49 flow
    50 flowing
    51 free solution
    52 increase
    53 ionic currents
    54 mV
    55 maximum
    56 measurements
    57 membrane currents
    58 membrane potential
    59 mmho/cm2
    60 mmhos/
    61 msec
    62 net membrane currents
    63 onset
    64 order
    65 pacemaker potentials
    66 plateau
    67 polarity
    68 positive current flows
    69 potassium conductance
    70 potassium current
    71 potential
    72 range
    73 rectification
    74 relation
    75 relationship
    76 repolarization
    77 results
    78 small increase
    79 sodium
    80 sodium conductance
    81 sodium current
    82 sodium-free solution
    83 solution
    84 subtraction
    85 time
    86 voltage relationship
    87 schema:name Ionic currents in cardiac excitation
    88 schema:pagination 63-80
    89 schema:productId N27541aa9d86a4917ab5eeb4d5510473e
    90 N3262ca9d4cee42bb83fcf9b78c77a133
    91 N9231a06a11e746078d89053249bc35df
    92 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025915588
    93 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616
    94 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-08-04T16:48
    95 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    96 schema:sdPublisher Nd12ce08ab1a94bd59b57b2e91cd6765f
    97 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412616
    98 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    99 sgo:sdDataset articles
    100 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    101 N27541aa9d86a4917ab5eeb4d5510473e schema:name dimensions_id
    102 schema:value pub.1025915588
    103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    104 N29926e7da14d4f129ec39c6fd1163fa3 rdf:first sg:person.0112413612.74
    105 rdf:rest N4a20668494284db2b3193ff30a148675
    106 N3262ca9d4cee42bb83fcf9b78c77a133 schema:name doi
    107 schema:value 10.1007/bf00412616
    108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    109 N409b0798c6e644cdbe6168acce881e60 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Research
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 N46c1d9e38fb8437bbc2b79a5fba9f4b6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    113 schema:name Myocardium
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 N4a20668494284db2b3193ff30a148675 rdf:first sg:person.01010003233.11
    116 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    117 N57812d9589b04fcf889a9c7d20148af3 schema:issueNumber 1
    118 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    119 N67e1a33b4a5b4302bd63b9ccf36e4635 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    120 schema:name Purkinje Cells
    121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    122 N7122a192d6d142c2bcad327746175704 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Electrophysiology
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N82889cd863a940ed89146ddfb08aa427 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    126 schema:name Animals
    127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    128 N90dae4280fd14a20ac333db0dbbd7737 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    129 schema:name Sheep, Domestic
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 N9231a06a11e746078d89053249bc35df schema:name pubmed_id
    132 schema:value 14251606
    133 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    134 Nb3baa94c67d54ff1b0c7a0c0b415aa99 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    135 schema:name Heart Conduction System
    136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    137 Nc183b3d3cf0744699d4ad4d410ca2a79 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    138 schema:name Sheep
    139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    140 Nc1b83d889e7447099d8e6d635a8d1003 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    141 schema:name Heart
    142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    143 Nd12ce08ab1a94bd59b57b2e91cd6765f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    144 rdf:type schema:Organization
    145 Ne99832410b03439eb91fdae62b1394f9 schema:volumeNumber 280
    146 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    147 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    148 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 anzsrc-for:1116 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    151 schema:name Medical Physiology
    152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    153 sg:journal.1005222 schema:issn 0031-6768
    154 1432-2013
    155 schema:name Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology
    156 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    157 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    158 sg:person.01010003233.11 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    159 schema:familyName Trautwein
    160 schema:givenName W.
    161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010003233.11
    162 rdf:type schema:Person
    163 sg:person.0112413612.74 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    164 schema:familyName Deck
    165 schema:givenName K. A.
    166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0112413612.74
    167 rdf:type schema:Person
    168 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362094 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026567532
    169 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00362094
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00362959 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003154120
    172 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00362959
    173 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    174 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00412615 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051590079
    175 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00412615
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00420020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033015129
    178 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00420020
    179 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    180 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672495 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044086610
    181 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00672495
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00672497 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029540046
    184 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00672497
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 sg:pub.10.1038/188495a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017012211
    187 https://doi.org/10.1038/188495a0
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 sg:pub.10.1038/icb.1960.56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023574428
    190 https://doi.org/10.1038/icb.1960.56
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Aus dem Institut für Allgemeine Physiologie der Universität Heidelberg, Germany
    193 schema:name Aus dem Institut für Allgemeine Physiologie der Universität Heidelberg, Germany
    194 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...