Kalium-Fluxe und Membranpotential am Froschvorhof in Abhängigkeit von der Kalium-Außenkonzentration View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1966-03

AUTHORS

H. G. Haas, H. G. Glitsch, R. Kern, F. Hantsch, G. Siegel

ABSTRACT

Summary1. In frog atria the K and Na content of the cells, the membrane potential V, the equilibrium potential EK, and the K efflux and influx of resting preparations were determined as a function of external concentration [K]0 between 0 and 108 mMol/l.2. For [K]0 smaller than 30 mMol/l the membrane potential V (absolute value) was lower than the equilibrium potential EK; for [K]0 above 30 mMol/l V exceeded EK.3. Both K efflux and influx were increased (decreased) by a rise (fall) of [K]0. At higher K concentrations the influx exceeded the efflux considerably.4. 2-4-Dinitrophenole (DNP) as a metabolic inhibitor decreased the K influx by about 30% at all K concentrations but increased the K efflux by 40 to 100%. The membrane potential depolarized by 2–3 mV. These effects were reversible if DNP was applied for less than 10 minutes.5. The normal K efflux and the influx reduced by DNP were taken as the passive ion movements. The difference between these fluxes was regarded as the passive K net flux JK.6. From the data of V, EK, and JK the potassium conductance gK=JK/(V-EK) was calculated. The conductance reached high values when the driving force (V-EK) was directed inwards but fell to very small values in the opposite case.7. The potassium permeability PK as defined by the constant field theory of Goldman was nearly constant over the range of 0 to 108 mMol K/1.8. The permeabilities PNa and PCl were estimated to be only a few percent of PK.9. The problem of interdependence of K efflux and influx was studied using the flux relations of Ussing and Teorell and of Hodgkin and Keynes. A small interaction between efflux and influx was found.10. It is shown that the flux relation of Hodgkin and Keynes can be deduced from the constant field theory of Goldman if suitable assumptions are made. More... »

PAGES

43-64

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1964-09. Zum Problem der gegenseitigen Beeinflussung der Ionenfluxe am Myokard in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1962-07. Kalium-Fluxe am Vorhof des Froschherzens in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1962-03. Membrane Potential Changes during Sodium Transport in Frog Sartorius Muscle in NATURE
  • 1958-05. Zum Mechanismus der Membranwirkung des Acetylcholin an der Herzmuskelfaser in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1962-03. Physiologie, Biochemie und Energetik des aktiven Transports in NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERG'S ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY
  • 1960-01. Das Kalium-Transportsystem am Ranvier-Knoten isolierter markhaltiger Nervenfasern in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1964-09. Ein Vergleich zwischen Fluxmessungen und elektrischen Messungen am Myokard in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1964-03. Ionic currents in cardiac excitation in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1963-01. Natrium-Fluxe am Vorhof des Froschherzens in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1912. Elektrobiologie, Die Lehre von den Elektrischen Vorgängen im Organismus auf Moderner Grundlage Dargestellt in NONE
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00412534

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00412534

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012348803

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5233559


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