Anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids in syntrophic association with methanogens View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1979-08

AUTHORS

Michael J. McInerney, Marvin P. Bryant, Norbert Pfennig

ABSTRACT

A new species of anaerobic bacterium that degrades the even-numbered carbon fatty acids, butyrate, caproate and caprylate, to acetate and H2 and the odd-numbered carbon fatty acids, valerate and heptanoate, to acetate, propionate and H2 was obtained in coculture with either an H2-utilizing methanogen or H2-utilizing desulfovibrio. The organism could be grown only in syntrophic association with the H2-utilizer and no other energy sources or combination of electron donor and acceptors were utilized. It was a Gram-negative helical rod with 2 to 8 flagella, about 20 nm in diameter, inserted in a linear fashion about 130 nm or more apart along the concave side of the cell. It grew with a generation time of 84 h in co-culture with Methanospirillum hungatii and was present in numbers of at least 4.5×10-6 per g of anaerobic digestor sludge. More... »

PAGES

129-135

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00411351

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00411351

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022885853


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