Metabolic regulation in the facultative methylotroph Arthrobacter P1. Growth on primary amines as carbon and energy sources View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-10

AUTHORS

P. R. Levering, L. Dijkhuizen, W. Harder

ABSTRACT

During growth of the facultative methylotroph Arthrobacter P1 on methylamine or ethylamine both substrates are metabolized initially in an identical fashion, via the respective aldehydes. The regulatory mechanisms governing the synthesis and activities of enzymes involved in amine and aldehyde utilization were studied in substrate transition experiments. Transfer of ethylamine-grown cells into a medium with methylamine resulted in immediate exeretion of low levels of formaldehyde (max. 0.5 mM) and formate. In the reverse experiment, transfer of methylaminegrown cells into a medium with ethylamine, excretion of much higher levels of acetaldehyde (max. 3.5 mM) occurred. These different levels of aldehyde accumulation were also observed in studies with mutants of Arthrobacter P1 blocked in the synthesis of hexulose phosphate synthase or acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. In wild type Arthrobacter P1, aldehyde production resulted in rapid induction of the synthesis of enzymes involved in their degradation but also in temporary inhibition of further amine utilization and growth. The latter aetivities only resumed at normal rates after the disappearance of the aldehydes from the cultures. Acetaldehyde utilization resulted in intermittent excretion of ethanol and acetate, whereas formaldehyde utilization resulted in further accumulation of formate. During growth of Arthrobacter P1 in the presence of methylamine accumulation of toxic levels of formaldehyde is prevented because of the rapid synthesis of hexulose phosphate synthase to high activities and, in transient state situations, by feedback inhibition of formaldehyde on the activities of the methylamine transport system and amine oxidase. More... »

PAGES

188-195

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00401998

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00401998

DIMENSIONS

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