The relaxation of concentrated polymer solutions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-03

AUTHORS

Michael Baumgärtel, Norbert Willenbacher

ABSTRACT

The focus of this paper is on the viscoelastic properties of concentrated polymer solutions and polymer melts. Dynamic mechanical measurements were performed on various polystyrene/ethylbenzene solutions with polymer concentrations ranging from 40% up to 100% and temperatures from Tg+30°C up to 70°C (230°C for polymer melts). The basis polymers are two commerical grade polystyrenes (BASF) with MW = 247 kg/mol and 374 kg/mol, respectively. To avoid solvent loss due to evaporating during the measurements, a special sealing technique was used. A phenomenological model which describes quantitatively the relaxation spectrum of concentrated polymer solutions from the flow regime up to the glass transition regime is developed. The relaxation data of the respective polymer melt and the glass transition temperature of the solution are the only input parameters needed. The temperature dependence is described by a universal, concentration invariant WLF-equation. The relaxation spectra are divided into two parts accounting for the entanglement and the segmental relaxation modes, respectively. The relaxation strength related to the flow and entanglement regime scale with c2.3, whereas the segmental relaxation strength does not alter with concentration. All relaxation times change with concentration proportional to c3.5. Flow curves can be calculated from these relaxation spectra and thus, our results are useful for engineering applications. More... »

PAGES

168-185

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Rheologica Acta

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

35

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00396044

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00396044

DIMENSIONS

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