Ultrastructure and histochemistry of Citrus limon (L.) stigma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1982-11

AUTHORS

M. Cresti, F. Ciampolini, J. L. van Went, H. J. Wilms

ABSTRACT

Citrus limon has a “wet” stigma which can be divided in two zones: a glandular superficial one formed by papillae, and a non-glandular one formed by parenchymatic cells. The stigmatic exudate is produced by the papillae after the latter have reached their ultimate size. The papillae of the mature pistil are of varying size and composition. Both the unicellular and multicellular ones are present. The cells at the base of the papillae are rich in cytoplasm, whereas the tip cells are vacuolated. Histochemical analysis has shown that the exudate of Citrus is composed of lipids, polysaccharides, and proteins. Our results indicate that the lipidic component is produced and secreted first, followed by production and secretion of the polysaccharidic component. The lipidic component of the exudate is produced in the basal papillae cells and accumulates as droplets in dilated parts of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). Subsequently the lipid droplets are transported to the plasma membrane, and transferred by the latter into the cell walls. Then the exudate component is accumulated in the intercellular spaces and in the middle lamellar regions of the walls. Subsequently, the polysaccharidic component of the exudate is produced and secreted by the tip cells of the papillae. More... »

PAGES

1-9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00393436

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00393436

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038145793

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24272209


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