Dimorphism and possible sex change in copepods of the family Calanidae View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1985-09

AUTHORS

A. Fleminger

ABSTRACT

Adult females of 14 of 25 species of the family Calanidae were found to be dimorphic with respect to the number of aesthetases on the first antenna. The trithek morph, in which most antennal segments bear a complement of one aesthetasc and two setae, appears to be the typical female phenotype. The quadrithek morph is less common and, as in males, odd-numbered segments 2b, 3, 5, 7 and 9 carry quadritheks, i.e., two aesthetascs as well as two setae. Segment 21 in the quadrithek female bears an aesthetasc that is absent in the trithek female. Male antennal segments are distinguished from those of trithek and quadrithek females by pronounced morphological differences in aesthetasc shape and size as well as fusion of one or more pairs of antennal segments. The quadrithek morph usually comprised only a small proportion (<10%) of a local population. Quadrithek morphs were found in tropical and subtropical genera (Cosmocalanus and Nannocalanus), broadly ranging genera (Calanoides), as well as in cool-water lineages (Calanus s.s., Calanus s.l. cristatus, C. s.l. plumchrus, C. s.l. propinquus and C. s.l. tonsus). Maximum frequencies of quadrithek morphs (10 to 12%) in Calanus pacificus californicus occurred during the upwelling season from late winter into spring. No indication of sexual or antennal dimorphism was found in CV C. pacificus californicus sexed by examination of gonad and gonaduct. The quadrithek dimorph appears to be the product of sex change by the larger-sized late-juvenile potential male. The evolutionary and ecological significance of this presumptive hypothesis is that the larger-sized potential male reaching adulthood one or more weeks before maturation of genotypic females may increase its reproductive output by sex change in the course of the final molt to mature as a functional female. Given the sex-change hypothesis, morphogenesis of secondary sexual structures would appear to be controlled by androgenic-like secretions from the genital tract, as has been shown in malacostrocans. More... »

PAGES

273-294

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00392589

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00392589

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012311105


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