Effects of in situ tidal salinity fluctuations on osmotic and lonic composition of body fluid in Southeastern Alaska Rocky intertidal ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-08

AUTHORS

W. B. Stickle, G. J. Denoux

ABSTRACT

Tidal fluctuations in salinity and temperature were monitored at a location on Lynn Canal, north of Juneau, Alaska. Organisms were collected from 4 tidal levels during each slack water over a period of 24 h. Body-fluid milliosmolality as well as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and chloride levels were determined. Mytilus edulis were collected at the +1.0 m tidal level, where ambient salinity ranged from 7.9 to 25.1% and body fluids from 356±62 to 730±17 mOsm/kg water. Cucumaria vegea and Katherina tunicata were collected at the +0.6 m level, where ambient salinity ranged from 13.5 to 24.9‰ and body fluids from 461±27 to 662±50 and 443±31 to 616±38 mOsm/kg water, respectively. Eupentacta quinquesemita and Evasterias troschelii were collected at the -0.9 m level, where ambient salinity ranged from 11.0 to 28.2‰ and body fluids from 504±32 to 632±51 and 316±31 to 664±37 mOsm/kg water, respectively. Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis were collected subtidally at the -3.7 m level, where ambient salinity ranged from 14.1 to 28.0‰ and perivisceral fluids from 448±35 to 661±51 mOsm/kg water. Ion levels of the perivisceral fluid of c. vegae were not determined. Potassium appeared to be regulated by all animals except Evasterias troschelii. Little regulation occurred for calcium, magnesium, sodium and chloride by the organisms. Eupentacta quinquesemita appeared to be regulating all ions determined, but this may have been due to its microhabitat. Water temperature cycled inversely to salinity at all tidal levels. Ambient-water sodium, chloride and calcium levels deviated from levels that would be expected upon dilution of seawater with deionized water. There was not indication that body-fluid osmoconcentration of the species collected intertidally increased on exposure to air. More... »

PAGES

125-135

Journal

TITLE

Marine Biology

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

37

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00389123

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00389123

DIMENSIONS

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