Toxicity of four oil dispersants to some animals from the Baltic Sea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1974-12

AUTHORS

B. Nagell, M. Notini, O. Grahn

ABSTRACT

Four oil dispersants of interest for practical use in the Baltic Sea were tested as regards toxicity to animals from the littoral zone of the same area. The dispersants tested were Corexit 7664, Berol TL-188, Berol TL-198, all water-base dispersants, and BP 1100-X, an oil-base dispersant. Two species of fish, two species of bivalves and two species of crustaceans were tested. Significant differences in toxicity were found between the water-base dispersants at concentrations above 1700 ppm. Below this concentration there were no significant differences. The dispersants contain similar surfactants in similar concentrations, but differ with respect to types and amount of solvent. The observed differences at high concentrations are, therefore, argued to be connected chiefly to differences between these solvents. Differences in toxicity to different animal types were found between the water-base dispersants and the oil-base dispersants. The toxicity of Corexit 7664 was (96h LC50 approximate values): fish, 1000 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; crustaceans, 10,000 ppm. The toxicity order was strikingly reversed for BP 1100-X: crustanceans, 150 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; fish, 10,000 ppm. This difference in toxicity for different animal types is suggested to be connected mainly to differences in the chemical character of the outer layer of the body surface of the animals. More... »

PAGES

237-243

Journal

TITLE

Marine Biology

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

28

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00388490

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00388490

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023546727


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nagell", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011777525635.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011777525635.59"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Notini", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.014170047235.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014170047235.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Grahn", 
        "givenName": "O.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016360370635.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016360370635.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1139/f72-199", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012578575"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0015-6264(68)90137-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015935832"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00360784", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017272324", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00360784"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(73)90134-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021054474"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(73)90134-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021054474"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1968)97[398:pafros]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026322367"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1960.tb03507.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039158111"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(67)90041-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039552343"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(67)90041-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039552343"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/13.6.434", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042408958"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/13.6.434", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042408958"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351378", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046111749", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00351378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(70)90018-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046536244"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(70)90018-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046536244"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/214448a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048943293", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/214448a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/214448a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048943293", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/214448a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400032409", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054809394"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400032409", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054809394"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081012183", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081474922", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1974-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1974-12-01", 
    "description": "Four oil dispersants of interest for practical use in the Baltic Sea were tested as regards toxicity to animals from the littoral zone of the same area. The dispersants tested were Corexit 7664, Berol TL-188, Berol TL-198, all water-base dispersants, and BP 1100-X, an oil-base dispersant. Two species of fish, two species of bivalves and two species of crustaceans were tested. Significant differences in toxicity were found between the water-base dispersants at concentrations above 1700 ppm. Below this concentration there were no significant differences. The dispersants contain similar surfactants in similar concentrations, but differ with respect to types and amount of solvent. The observed differences at high concentrations are, therefore, argued to be connected chiefly to differences between these solvents. Differences in toxicity to different animal types were found between the water-base dispersants and the oil-base dispersants. The toxicity of Corexit 7664 was (96h LC50 approximate values): fish, 1000 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; crustaceans, 10,000 ppm. The toxicity order was strikingly reversed for BP 1100-X: crustanceans, 150 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; fish, 10,000 ppm. This difference in toxicity for different animal types is suggested to be connected mainly to differences in the chemical character of the outer layer of the body surface of the animals.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00388490", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1327717", 
        "issn": [
          "0025-3162", 
          "1432-1793"
        ], 
        "name": "Marine Biology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "28"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Toxicity of four oil dispersants to some animals from the Baltic Sea", 
    "pagination": "237-243", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "702ee92f9b357c4051de350b33e1469cd4a4a9bbda0c7e4fac83103e3fc9d839"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf00388490"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1023546727"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00388490", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023546727"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:49", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000371_0000000371/records_130794_00000002.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00388490"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00388490'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00388490'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00388490'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00388490'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

121 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      41 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00388490 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0602
3 schema:author N81861ef8ce8a42d59d91e36cebf623df
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351378
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00360784
6 sg:pub.10.1038/214448a0
7 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081012183
8 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081474922
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/0015-6264(68)90137-5
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(67)90041-3
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(70)90018-7
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(73)90134-6
13 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400032409
14 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1960.tb03507.x
15 https://doi.org/10.1139/f72-199
16 https://doi.org/10.1177/13.6.434
17 https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1968)97[398:pafros]2.0.co;2
18 schema:datePublished 1974-12
19 schema:datePublishedReg 1974-12-01
20 schema:description Four oil dispersants of interest for practical use in the Baltic Sea were tested as regards toxicity to animals from the littoral zone of the same area. The dispersants tested were Corexit 7664, Berol TL-188, Berol TL-198, all water-base dispersants, and BP 1100-X, an oil-base dispersant. Two species of fish, two species of bivalves and two species of crustaceans were tested. Significant differences in toxicity were found between the water-base dispersants at concentrations above 1700 ppm. Below this concentration there were no significant differences. The dispersants contain similar surfactants in similar concentrations, but differ with respect to types and amount of solvent. The observed differences at high concentrations are, therefore, argued to be connected chiefly to differences between these solvents. Differences in toxicity to different animal types were found between the water-base dispersants and the oil-base dispersants. The toxicity of Corexit 7664 was (96h LC50 approximate values): fish, 1000 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; crustaceans, 10,000 ppm. The toxicity order was strikingly reversed for BP 1100-X: crustanceans, 150 ppm; bivalves, 2000 ppm; fish, 10,000 ppm. This difference in toxicity for different animal types is suggested to be connected mainly to differences in the chemical character of the outer layer of the body surface of the animals.
21 schema:genre research_article
22 schema:inLanguage en
23 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
24 schema:isPartOf N08f32276361142aaa99a9eb0d9ae67bc
25 Nb517401d3bbd472aa91660b49a73b9a4
26 sg:journal.1327717
27 schema:name Toxicity of four oil dispersants to some animals from the Baltic Sea
28 schema:pagination 237-243
29 schema:productId N444fe6c5972449a2a5d09a8601e94d9e
30 Na135faffa593438c8532a13fc179656f
31 Na8fec54ab63e4314a0ff8121745d42c6
32 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023546727
33 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00388490
34 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:49
35 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
36 schema:sdPublisher N3b8bb96dd4584a9c88eea413c2064222
37 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF00388490
38 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
39 sgo:sdDataset articles
40 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
41 N08f32276361142aaa99a9eb0d9ae67bc schema:issueNumber 4
42 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
43 N3b8bb96dd4584a9c88eea413c2064222 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
44 rdf:type schema:Organization
45 N41127ffd5eb24f4b9c829db27db8f929 rdf:first sg:person.014170047235.10
46 rdf:rest N70adcf218e2a4038800e5c991287a176
47 N444fe6c5972449a2a5d09a8601e94d9e schema:name dimensions_id
48 schema:value pub.1023546727
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 N5ef251a817c5402f9f0e09a9bc8d3357 schema:name Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden
51 rdf:type schema:Organization
52 N70adcf218e2a4038800e5c991287a176 rdf:first sg:person.016360370635.96
53 rdf:rest rdf:nil
54 N81861ef8ce8a42d59d91e36cebf623df rdf:first sg:person.011777525635.59
55 rdf:rest N41127ffd5eb24f4b9c829db27db8f929
56 N916d9694b4d8406183251f74aee0bb1c schema:name Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden
57 rdf:type schema:Organization
58 Na135faffa593438c8532a13fc179656f schema:name readcube_id
59 schema:value 702ee92f9b357c4051de350b33e1469cd4a4a9bbda0c7e4fac83103e3fc9d839
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 Na5ad065f7c2443aebcdb0c38794523b0 schema:name Swedish Water and Air Pollution Research Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden
62 rdf:type schema:Organization
63 Na8fec54ab63e4314a0ff8121745d42c6 schema:name doi
64 schema:value 10.1007/bf00388490
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 Nb517401d3bbd472aa91660b49a73b9a4 schema:volumeNumber 28
67 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
68 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
69 schema:name Biological Sciences
70 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
71 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
72 schema:name Ecology
73 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
74 sg:journal.1327717 schema:issn 0025-3162
75 1432-1793
76 schema:name Marine Biology
77 rdf:type schema:Periodical
78 sg:person.011777525635.59 schema:affiliation N916d9694b4d8406183251f74aee0bb1c
79 schema:familyName Nagell
80 schema:givenName B.
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011777525635.59
82 rdf:type schema:Person
83 sg:person.014170047235.10 schema:affiliation Na5ad065f7c2443aebcdb0c38794523b0
84 schema:familyName Notini
85 schema:givenName M.
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014170047235.10
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 sg:person.016360370635.96 schema:affiliation N5ef251a817c5402f9f0e09a9bc8d3357
89 schema:familyName Grahn
90 schema:givenName O.
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016360370635.96
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00351378 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046111749
94 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00351378
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00360784 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017272324
97 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00360784
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 sg:pub.10.1038/214448a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048943293
100 https://doi.org/10.1038/214448a0
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081012183 schema:CreativeWork
103 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081474922 schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1016/0015-6264(68)90137-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015935832
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(67)90041-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039552343
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(70)90018-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046536244
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(73)90134-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021054474
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400032409 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054809394
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1960.tb03507.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039158111
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1139/f72-199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012578575
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1177/13.6.434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042408958
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1577/1548-8659(1968)97[398:pafros]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026322367
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...