Anthocyanin synthesis in a white flowering mutant of Petunia hybrida View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1977-01

AUTHORS

K. F. F. Kho, A. C. Bolsman-Louwen, J. C. Vuik, G. J. H. Bennink

ABSTRACT

In flower buds of the white flowering mutant W19 of Petunia hybrida four biologically active dihydroflavonol intermediates-dihydroquercetin-7-glucoside, dihydroquercetin-4'-glucoside, dihydroquercetin, and dihydrokaempferol-7-glucoside-are accumulated. When dihydroquercetin was supplied to in vitro cultured corollas of the white flowering mutant W18, a mixture of cyanidin and delphinidin glycosides was produced, cyanidin-3-glucoside being the major pigment. The quantity of dihydroquercetin accumulated in W19 is very small, but this compound appears to be a more direct precursor of anthocyanins than the glucosides of dihydrokaempferol and dihydroquercetin. The conditions for pigment synthesis in W18 were optimalized. The quantitative uptake of dihydroquercetin was also studied. It was demonstrated that ca. 1/3 of the quantity present in the culture solution entered the corolla. From the absorbed dihydroquercetin only 14% was converted into anthocyanins. Complementation experiments to determine the biosynthetic sequence of the anthocyanin genes An1, An2, and An3 indicated that the genes An1 and An2 are indistinguishable by this technique. More... »

PAGES

109-118

Journal

TITLE

Planta

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

135

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00387158

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00387158

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007656331

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24420011


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