Thermal metamorphism and H2O-CO2-NaCl immiscibility at Patapedia, Quebec: evidence from fluid inclusions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1989-06

AUTHORS

Anthony E. Williams-Jones, Dexter R. Ferreira

ABSTRACT

The methamorphic history of the Patapedia thermal zone, Gaspé, Quebec, is re-evaluated in the light of results obtained from a study of fluid inclusions contained in quartz phenocrysts of felsic dyke rocks. The thermal zone is characterised by calc-silicate bodies that have outwardly telescoping prograde metamorphic isograds and display extensive retrograde metamorphism with associated copper mineralization. Three distinct fluid inclusion types are recognized: a low to moderate salinity, high density aqueous fluid (Type I); a low density CO2 fluid (Type II); and a high salinity, high density aqueous fluid (Type III). Fluid inclusion Types I and II predominate whereas Type III inclusions form <10% of the fluid inclusion population. All three fluid types are interpreted to have been present during prograde metamorphism. Temperatures and pressures of metamorphism estimated from fluid inclusion microthermometry and isochore calculations are 450°–500° C and 700–1000 bars, respectively. A model is proposed in which the metamorphism at Patapedia was caused by heat transferred from a low to moderate salinity fluid of partly orthomagmatic origin (Type I inclusions). During the early stages, and particularly in the deeper parts of the system, CO2 produced by metamorphism was completely miscible in the aqueous hydrothermal fluid and locally resulted in high XCO2 fluids. On cooling and/or migrating to higher levels these latter fluids exsolved high salinity aqueous fluids represented by the Type III inclusions. Most of the metamorphism, however, took place at temperature-pressure conditions consistent with the immiscibility of CO2 and the hydrothermal fluid and was consequently accompanied by the release of large volumes of CO2 vapour which is represented by Type II inclusions. The final stage of the history of the Patapedia aureole was marked by retrograde metamorphism and copper mineralization of a calcite-free calc-silicate hornfels in the presence of a low XCO2 fluid. More... »

PAGES

247-254

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-03. Halite and sylvite as solid inclusions in high-grade metamorphic rocks in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1982-03. CO2-Brine immiscibility at high temperatures, evidence from calcareous metasedimentary rocks in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • Journal

    Author Affiliations

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00375345

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00375345

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018881152


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