Experimental study of the stability of cordierite and garnet in pelitic compositions at high pressures and temperatures View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1973-06

AUTHORS

B. J. Hensen, D. H. Green

ABSTRACT

In pelitic rocks, under conditions of low fO2 and low fH2O, the stability of the mineral pair cordierite-garnet is limited by five univariant reactions. In sequence from high pressure and low temperature to high temperature and low pressure these are: cordierite+garnet⇄ hypersthene+sillimanite+quartz, cordierite+garnet⇄ hypersthene+sapphirine+quartz, cordierite+garnet⇄ hypersthene+spinel+quartz and cordierite+garnet⇄ olivine+spinel +quartz. In this sequence of reactions the Mg/Mg+Fe2+ ratio of all ferro-magnesian minerals involved decreases continuously from the first reaction to the fifth. The five univariant boundaries delimit a wide P-T range over which cordierite and garnet may coexist.Two divariant equilibria in which the Mg/Mg+ Fe2+ ratio of the coexisting phases are uniquely determined by pressure and temperature have been studied in detail. P-T-X grids for the reactions cordierite⇄ garnet+sillimanite+quartz and cordierite+hypersthene⇄ garnet+quartz are used to obtain pressure-temperature estimates for several high grade metamorphic areas. The results suggest temperatures of formation of 700–850° C and load pressures of 5–10 kb. In rare occasions temperatures of 950–1000° C appear to have been reached during granulite metamorphism.On the basis of melting experiments in pelitic compositions it is suggested that Ca-poor garnet xenocrysts found in calc-alkaline magmas derive from admixed pelitic rocks and did not equilibrate with the calc-alkaline magma. More... »

PAGES

151-166

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1969-04. Die Gneishornfelse um Steinach in der Oberpfalz in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1972-12. Experimental study of the stability of cordierite and garnet in pelitic compositions at high pressures and temperatures in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1967. Die Genese der metamorphen Gesteine in NONE
  • 1968-05. Genesis of the calc-alkaline igneous rock suite in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1969-09. The metamorphic paragenesis of cordierite in pelitic rocks in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1971-12. Experimental study of the stability of cordierite and garnet in pelitic compositions at high pressures and temperatures in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1968-05. Stabilitätsbeziehungen zwischen Chlorit, Cordierit und Almandin bei der Metamorphose in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1968-05. Origin of garnet phenocrysts in calc-alkaline rocks in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1971-03. Garnet-cordierite-biotite equilibria in the Steinach aureole, Bavaria in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1971-09. Prograde and retrograde equilibria in garnet-cordierite gneisses in south-central Massachusetts in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1970-03. On the occurrence of eclogite in Western Norway in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1968-08. Co-existing Sapphirine and Quartz in Granulite from Enderby Land, Antarctica in NATURE
  • 1971-09. Theoretical phase relations involving cordierite and garnet in the system MgO-FeO-Al2O3-SiO2 in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00373879

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00373879

    DIMENSIONS

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    179 grid-institutes:grid.467206.1 schema:alternateName Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institute of Washington, 2801 Upton Street, N. W., 20008, Washington, D.C., USA
    180 schema:name Department of Geophysics and Geochemistry, Australian National University, Australia
    181 Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institute of Washington, 2801 Upton Street, N. W., 20008, Washington, D.C., USA
    182 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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