Blood lactate in trained cyclists during cycle ergometry at critical power View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-10

AUTHORS

David G. Jenkins, Brian M. Quigley

ABSTRACT

The purposes of this investigation were to determine the validity of critical power (CP) as a measure of the work rate that can be maintained for a very long time without fatigue and to determine whether this corresponded with the maximal lactate steady-state (lass,max). Eight highly trained endurance cyclists (maximal oxygen uptake 74.1 ml · kg−1 · min−1, SD 5.3) completed four cycle ergometer tests to exhaustion at predetermined work rates (360, 425, 480 and 520 W). From these four co-ordinates of work and time to fatigue the regression of work limit on time limit was calculated for each individual (CP). The cyclists were then asked to exercise at their CP for 30 min. If CP could not be maintained, the resistance was reduced minimally to allow the subject to complete the test and maintain a blood lactate plateau. Capillary blood was sampled at 0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 min into exercise for the analysis of lactate. Six of the eight cyclists were unable to maintain CP for 30 min without fatigue. In these subjects, the mean power attained was 6.4% below that estimated by CP. Mean blood lactates (n = 8) reached a steady-state (8.9 mmol · l−1, SD 1.6) during the last 20 min of exercise indicating that CP slightly overestimated lass, max. Individual blood lactates during the last 20 min of exercise were more closely related to the y-intercept of the CP curve (r=0.78, P<0.05) than either CP (0.34, NS) or mean power output (r=0.42, NS). The present investigation has shown that highly trained endurance cyclists can tolerate previously unreported levels of blood lactate during 30 min of exercise at or near their CP. Blood lactates during continuous exercise are higher than at the same work rate during an incremental test. The CP provides a simple and inexpensive means of assessing the exercise intensity which can be maintained continuously, while avoiding the methodological difficulties associated with ventilatory and lactate thresholds. More... »

PAGES

278-283

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1986-01. Blood Lactate in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 1975-12. Maximal steady state versus state of conditioning in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1986-05. The Use of Laboratory Test Results with Long Distance Runners in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 1988-05. Possible Mechanisms of the Anaerobic Threshold in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 1987-01. Blood lactate parameters related to aerobic capacity and endurance performance in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1989-01. Comparison between a 30-s all-out test and a time-work test on a cycle ergometer in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1983-11. Relationships of anaerobic threshold and onset of blood lactate accumulation with endurance performance in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00357613

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00357613

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008043408

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2282914


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