Organelle DNA compositions and isoenzyme expression in an interspecific somatic hybrid of Daucus View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1985-03

AUTHORS

Benjamin F. Matthews, Jack M. Widholm

ABSTRACT

Cell suspension cultures of Daucus carota, D. capillifolius and a somatic hybrid of these lines were analyzed to determine their chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA compositions. The plastid DNAs (pDNA) from the somatic hybrid and D. carota were identical and were different from that of D. capillifolius when analyzed on agarose electrophoretic gels after digestion by the restriction endonuclease HpaII. The endonuclease restriction patterns of the mitochondrial DNAs (mtDNA) from each cell line were different. Although the restriction pattern of the mtDNA from the somatic hybrid contained fragments in common with one or both parents, unique fragments not found in the restriction pattern of either parent were also present. The amounts and feedback regulation of aspartokinase, homoserine dehydrogenase and dihydrodipicolinic acid synthase were quantified to define the effects of somatic hybridization upon the pathway leading to the biosynthesis of lysine, threonine, methionine and isoleucine. Regulation of each enzyme by end product inhibitors was not altered in the somatic hybrid, but levels of each enzyme appeared to be increased. However, isoenzyme analysis indicated two major forms of homoserine dehydrogenase were present in the hybrid, including one unique form not present in either parent. More... »

PAGES

371-376

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1979-10. Mitochondrial recombination in cytoplasmic hybrids of Nicotiana tabacum by protoplast fusion in NATURE
  • 1983-06. Sorting out of cytoplasmic elements in somatic hybrids of Petunia and the prevalence of the heteroplasmon through several meiotic cycles in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1978-01. Regulation of lysine and threonine synthesis in carrot cell suspension cultures and whole carrot roots in PLANTA
  • 1978-01. Morphological characteristics and chloroplast DNA distribution in different cytoplasmic parasexual hybrids of Nicotiana tabacum in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1983-06. Novel composition of mitochondrial genomes in Petunia somatic hybrids derived from cytoplasmic male sterile and fertile plants in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1983-05. Somatic hybridization in Nicotiana: behavior of organelles after fusion of protoplasts from male-fertile and male-sterile cultivars in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1980-05. Restoration of fertility in cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) Nicotiana Sylvestris by fusion with X-irradiated N. tabacum protoplasts in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1982-06. Cytoplasmic hybridization in Nicotiana: Mitochondrial DNA analysis in progenies resulting from fusion between protoplasts having different organelle constitutions in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1984-01. Variation in culture, isoenzyme patterns and plastid DNA in the genusDaucus in IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
  • 1983-06. Cybrids containing mixed and sorted-out chloroplasts following interspecific somatic fusions in Nicotiana in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1981-11. Extensive rearrangements in the mitochondrial DNA in somatic hybrids of Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana knightiana in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1985-03. Chloroplast and mitochondrial DNAs of the carrot and its wild relatives in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER
  • 1981-10. Localisation and characterisation of homoserine dehydrogenase isolated from barley and pea leaves in PLANTA
  • 1982-04. Cytoplast-protoplast fusion for interspecific chloroplast transfer in Nicotiana in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1980-09. Intergeneric gene transfer mediated by plant protoplast fusion in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00332925

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00332925

    DIMENSIONS

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