B-Chromosomes and E-1 isozyme activity in mosaic bulbs of Scilla autumnalis (Liliaceae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1982-07

AUTHORS

José L. Oliver, F. Posse, J. M. Martinez-Zapater, A. M. Enriquez, M. Ruiz-Rejón

ABSTRACT

The electrophoretic patterns of esterase (E-1), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) isozymes were studied in two Spanish populations of the lily Scilla autumnalis with B-chromosome carrying individuals. The E-1 isozyme activity appears only in those individuals with B-chromosomes. None of the bulbs free of B's show it. Five bulbs, mosaic for B-content, were identified. Electrophoretic analysis shows that these bulbs are characterised by mosaicism for E-1 isozyme activity. An analysis of individual roots by both electrophoretic and cytological methods shows that tissue mosaicism for B-content correlates with tissue mosaicism for E-1 isozyme activity. The electrophoretic analysis of different roots from bulbs heterozygous for the Est-1 locus indicates that the structural gene for E-1 is not located on the B-chromosome itself. Rather there is a derepressor effect of Bs on E-1 isozyme activity. Since ADH and GOT patterns are unaffected by the presence of B-chromosomes it is clear that they do not exhibit a generalised derepressor effect. More... »

PAGES

399-403

Journal

TITLE

Chromosoma

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

85

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf00330362

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00330362

DIMENSIONS

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